The LFA-1 adhesion molecule is involved in cell adhesion events of leukocytes through binding to ICAM-1, ICAM-2 and ICAM-3. Whether binding to either of these ligands similarly affects co-stimulation of T cells and cytokine secretion is unknown. We demonstrated that LFA-1 co-stimulation under suboptimal concentrations of anti-CD3 monoclonal antibodies resulted in high, intermediate and weak proliferation of T cells on ICAM-1, -2, and -3, respectively, which correlates with the distinct affinities of LFA-1 for these ligands. Furthermore, we investigated whether binding to ICAM-1, -2 or -3 induced different cytokine profiles, thus regulating T helper cell function. Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and IFN-gamma were secreted in high amounts, whereas IL-2, IL-4 and IL-5 could not be detected. Interestingly, we observed that LFA-1/ICAM-1 co-stimulation of T cells resulted in high production of the Th2 cytokine IL-10 compared to ICAM-2 or ICAM-3 co-stimulation. In contrast, ICAM-2 and ICAM-3 induced a much stronger secretion of the Th1 cytokine TNF-alpha compared to LFA-1/ICAM-1 induced co-stimulation, despite the lower proliferation rate. These results demonstrate that besides facilitating cell adhesion, LFA-1 serves as a potent co-stimulatory molecule by inducing different cytokine patterns depending on the ligand bound.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||European Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 1999|