Cold plasma treatment is safe for diabetic foot ulcers and decreases Staphylococcus aureus bacterial load

Rimke S. Lagrand, Louise We Sabelis, Vincent de Groot, Edgar Jg Peters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Aim: Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) has antimicrobial properties. We studied the safety of a novel CAP device (PLASOMA prototype; Plasmacure, The Netherlands) that is simple to use and could be applied at a patient fs home for the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). Secondary objectives were to investigate the effect of CAP on bacterial load and on ulcer size. Method: We included subjects with non-infected, superficial DFUs and treated them with CAP on a daily basis for 10 days. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of serious adverse device effects (SADE). We defined safety as: .10% of patients experiencing a SADE other than infection (non-infectious SADE), and .60% of patients developing infection of the foot (infectious serious adverse event (SAE)). Results: We enrolled 20 patients. No SADE occurred, but three infectious SAEs occurred at the site of application within one month of treatment; three SAEs unrelated to treatment occurred, and 55% of subjects reported transient mild adverse device effects. Staphylococcus aureus bacterial load decreased directly after CAP application (p=0.01). The mean decrease of ulcer surface area was 43% (95% confidence interval: 20.2%.65.9%). Conclusion: CAP treatment in DFUs was safe and well tolerated. Ulcer size and Staphylococcus aureus colonisation decreased during treatment. Declaration of interest: This study was funded by the Dutch Diabetes Research Foundation grant number 2014.11.1708. The study sponsor/funder was not involved in the design of the study; the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; writing the report; and did not impose any restrictions regarding the publication of the report. The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare. 2023 MA Healthcare Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-251
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Wound Care
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2 Apr 2023

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