PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic value of monochromatic and material decomposition (MD) dual- energy computed tomography (DECT) imaging for the evaluation of ischemia.
METHODS: Patients with suspected coronary artery disease underwent rest-stress DECT and SPECT perfusion imaging. DECT images were reconstructed between 40 and 140keV and through MD of iodine/muscle.
RESULTS: MD and monochromatic imaging had a sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive, positive predictive value, and accuracy of 89%, 40%, 67%, 73% and 71%; and 91%, 67%, 67%, 91% and 86%, respectively (p=0.05).
CONCLUSION: DECT using monochromatic energy displayed a non-significantly higher diagnostic accuracy for myocardial ischemia as compared with DECT MD.