Mouse neuroblastoma (N2A) cells react to a heat treatment by inhibition of DNA and protein synthesis and induction of cell cycle progression delay. Mitotic delay of heat-treated G1 cells correlates with reduction of protein synthesis and is due to an extensive delay of entrance into S phase, while the G2 phase of these cells is shortened. Mitotic delay of heat-treated G2 cells is more than in G1 cells and no correlation with protein synthesis reduction is found. In heat-treated G1 phase cells, both protein synthesis and cell cycle progression become thermotolerant to a second incubation at increased temperature. Moreover, the process of DNA synthesis becomes thermotolerant. In contrast, when heat-treated G1 phase cells have progressed into G2 phase and are then incubated at increased temperature, this G2 phase delay is not diminished. Apparently, additional targets for hyperthermia are present in late S and G2 phase cells.