Comparison of skull circumference and linear measurements with csf volume mr measurements in hydrocephalus

Marjo S. Van Der Knaap*, Chris J. Bakker, Joop A.J. Faber, Jaap Valk, Willem P.T.M. Mali, Jacobus Willemse, Rob H.J.M. Gooskens

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


In children with hydrocephalus, accurate and reproducible estimation of the presence, severity, and course of the condition is of paramount importance for both clinical and scientific purposes. Inthis study, 30 hydrocephalic patients were assessed with a number of commonly used methods, such as occipitofrontal skull circumference (SC) measurements, Evans ratio (ER), and bicaudate index (BCI), as well as, for comparison, another ratio of linear measurements [ventricle-skull ratio (VSR)]and MR measurements of total intracranial CSF volume. In repeated CSF volume measurements in healthy volunteers, the MR method appeared to be accurate and reproducible. This technique was simpler and easier in application, requiring less interaction than comparable MR techniques described by others. The variation coefficients were within the same range. In increased CSF volumes, our technique can be recommended; in very small CSF volumes, another technique is more adequate. Direct assessment of CSF volume as a measure of hydrocephalus was preferable over derived estimations for scientific purposes and may function as a gold standard against which to evaluate other techniques that are easier to apply clinically. In comparison, SC measurements were poor; CSF volume changes were not reflected in SC changes. VSR was preferable over ER and BCI, because it correlated more closely with CSF volume.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)737-743
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1992

Cite this