Promoting sports participation for health is part of the public health agenda worldwide. The same holds true for preventing sports injury, an unfavorable consequence of sports. In order to transfer research findings to practice, however, clinicians should consider the particulars of design, outcome measures, and data analyses of sports injury prevention studies. This article provides a summary of approaches used to assess the effect of injury prevention strategy in sports. This summary is intended to support clinicians on the decision-making process to apply research findings in the area of sports injury prevention in their practice.