Construction and validation of an implicit instrument to assess God representations. Part 1: Associations between implicit and explicit God representation and distress measures

Henk P. Stulp, Jurrijn Koelen, Gerrit G. Glas, Liesbeth Eurelings-Bontekoe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


For adherents of theistic religions, God representations are an important factor in explaining associations between religion/spirituality and well-being/mental health. Because of limitations of self-report measures of God representations, we developed an implicit God representation instrument, the Apperception Test God Representations (ATGR) and examined its reliability and validity. Its scales could be scored reliably and were within a clinical sample associated more strongly than explicit God representation scales with the Global Assessment of Functioning scale. Compared to the ATGR scores of a nonclinical sample, the clinical sample had less complex, positive, and mature God representations, indicating discriminant validity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-308
JournalJournal of Spirituality in Mental Health
Issue number4
Early online date7 Jul 2018
Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2019

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