Contactins in the central nervous system: role in health and disease

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Contactins are a group of cell adhesion molecules that are mainly expressed in the brain and play pivotal roles in the organization of axonal domains, axonal guidance, neuritogenesis, neuronal development, synapse formation and plasticity, axo-glia interactions and neural regeneration. Contactins comprise a family of six members. Their absence leads to malformed axons and impaired nerve conduction. Contactin mediated protein complex formation is critical for the organization of the axon in early central nervous system development. Mutations and differential expression of contactins have been identified in neuro-developmental or neurological disorders. Taken together, contactins are extensively studied in the context of nervous system development. This review summarizes the physiological roles of all six members of the Contactin family in neurodevelopment as well as their involvement in neurological/neurodevelopmental disorders.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-216
Number of pages11
JournalNeural regeneration research
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019

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