Conversations and Reactions Around Severe Hypoglycemia (CRASH): Japan Results From a Global Survey of People with T1DM or Insulin-Treated T2DM and Caregivers

Toshiyuki Iwahori, Frank Snoek, Yukiko Nagai*, Erik Spaepen, Beth D. Mitchell, Mark Peyrot

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Aims: The CRASH study examined severe hypoglycemia (SH) experiences among people with diabetes (PWD) and caregivers across eight countries. Here we report findings from the Japan cohort, with references to data from the United Kingdom (UK) cohort. Materials and Methods: Adults with type 1 (T1DM) or insulin-treated type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and caregivers (not necessarily related) were recruited from online patient panels. Participants who had experienced at least one SH event in the past 3 years were eligible for study inclusion. Participants completed an online survey regarding their experience with SH, its treatment, and actions during and after an event. Results: Of the 9367 PWD and caregivers from the online patient panels, 8475 participants were ineligible and a total of 53 Japanese participants (35 T1DM, 9 T2DM, 9 caregivers) completed the survey. Most SH incidents occurred at home and were unattended by a healthcare provider. For T1DM, 29% of Japan PWD and 13% of the UK PWD called an ambulance during an SH event; of these, 90% (Japan) and 50% (UK) were transported to hospital. Glucagon use was low (3% Japan and 10% UK for T1DM). Japanese respondents reported emotional impacts of SH, including feeling scared (86% T1DM, 56% T2DM), unprepared (63% T1DM, 78% T2DM), and helpless (60% T1DM, 33% T2DM). Despite the emotional burden, most PWD did not immediately discuss their SH event with a healthcare provider, with the majority (75% T1DM, 71% T2DM) waiting until their next doctor’s appointment. Conclusion: Conversations around SH between healthcare providers and PWD appear to be insufficient in Japan. An emotional burden of SH was reported by PWD and caregivers. Education regarding the prevention of SH and available treatment options may reduce SH events and improve treatment preparation, while alleviating PWD concerns.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)517-533
Number of pages17
JournalDiabetes Therapy
Issue number3
Early online date2022
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

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