Synthesis of parasite specific IgE plays a critical role in the defence against helminth infections. We report here that IgE from serum from Schistosoma mansoni infected mice and Haemonchus contortus infected sheep recognizes complex-type N-glycans from Arabidopsis thaliana, which contain R-GlcNAcbeta1-->4(Fucalpha1-->3)GlcNAcbeta1-Asn (core alpha1-->3-Fuc) and Xylbeta1-->2Manbeta1-->4GlcNAcbeta1-R (core beta1-->2-Xyl) modifications, and honeybee phospholipase A2, which carries N-glycans that contain the core alpha1-->3-Fuc epitope. Evidence is presented that core alpha1-->3-fucosylated N-glycans bind a substantial part of the parasite specific IgE in serum of H. contortus infected sheep. These results suggest that the core alpha1-->3-Fuc antigen may contribute to induction of a Th2 response leading to the production of IgE. In addition we show here that N-glycans carrying core alpha1-->3-Fuc and beta1-->2-Xyl antigens are synthesized by many parasitic helminths and also by the free living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Since N-glycans containing the core alpha1-->3-Fuc have also been implicated in honeybee and plant induced allergies, this conserved glycan might represent an important common IgE epitope.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 10 Dec 1999|