Correction to: Autologous tumor cell vaccination combined with systemic CpG-B and IFN-α promotes immune activation and induces clinical responses in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma: a phase II trial (Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy, (2019), 10.1007/s00262-019-02320-0)

Bas D. Koster, Saskia J. A. M. Santegoets, Jorien Harting, Arnold Baars, S. Marieke van Ham, Rik J. Scheper, Erik Hooijberg, Tanja D. de Gruijl, Alfons J. M. van den Eertwegh

Research output: Contribution to journalErratumAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

In the original publication of the article the following abstract and keywords were inadvertently omitted. Abstract Background In this study the toxicity and efficacy of an irradiated autologous tumor cell vaccine (ATV) co-injected with a class-B CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (CpG-B) and GMCSF, followed by systemic CpG-B and IFN-α administration, were examined in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). Methods A single-arm Phase II trial was conducted, in which patients with mRCC were intradermally injected with a minimum of three whole-cell vaccines containing 0.7–1.3 × 107 irradiated autologous tumor cells (ATC), admixed with 1 mg CpG-B and 100 μg GM-CSF, followed by bi-weekly s.c. injections with 8 mg CpG-B and s.c. injections with 6 MU IFN-α three times per week. Results Fifteen patients were treated according to the protocol. Treatment was well tolerated. Objective clinical responses occurred in three patients, including one longterm complete response. Disease stabilization occurred in another three patients. Positive delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) responses to ATC were absent before treatment but present in 13 out of 15 patients during treatment. Immune monitoring revealed activation of plasmacytoid dendritic cells, non-classical monocytes and up-regulation of both PD-1 and CTLA4 on effector T cells upon treatment. Moreover, a pre-existing ex vivo IFN-γ response to ATC was associated with clinical response. Conclusions ATV combined with systemic CpG-B and IFN-α is tolerable, safe, immunogenic and able to elicit antitumor responses in patients with mRCC. Immune activation and treatment-induced up-regulation of PD-1 and CTLA4 on circulating T cells further suggest an added benefit of combining this approach with immune checkpoint blockade. Keywords Autologous tumor cell vaccination · CpG-B · IFN-alpha · GM-CSF · Metastatic renal cell cancer.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCancer Immunology, Immunotherapy
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Cite this

@article{81eff464490446c0b540ea1aa0efb842,
title = "Correction to: Autologous tumor cell vaccination combined with systemic CpG-B and IFN-α promotes immune activation and induces clinical responses in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma: a phase II trial (Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy, (2019), 10.1007/s00262-019-02320-0)",
abstract = "In the original publication of the article the following abstract and keywords were inadvertently omitted. Abstract Background In this study the toxicity and efficacy of an irradiated autologous tumor cell vaccine (ATV) co-injected with a class-B CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (CpG-B) and GMCSF, followed by systemic CpG-B and IFN-α administration, were examined in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). Methods A single-arm Phase II trial was conducted, in which patients with mRCC were intradermally injected with a minimum of three whole-cell vaccines containing 0.7–1.3 × 107 irradiated autologous tumor cells (ATC), admixed with 1 mg CpG-B and 100 μg GM-CSF, followed by bi-weekly s.c. injections with 8 mg CpG-B and s.c. injections with 6 MU IFN-α three times per week. Results Fifteen patients were treated according to the protocol. Treatment was well tolerated. Objective clinical responses occurred in three patients, including one longterm complete response. Disease stabilization occurred in another three patients. Positive delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) responses to ATC were absent before treatment but present in 13 out of 15 patients during treatment. Immune monitoring revealed activation of plasmacytoid dendritic cells, non-classical monocytes and up-regulation of both PD-1 and CTLA4 on effector T cells upon treatment. Moreover, a pre-existing ex vivo IFN-γ response to ATC was associated with clinical response. Conclusions ATV combined with systemic CpG-B and IFN-α is tolerable, safe, immunogenic and able to elicit antitumor responses in patients with mRCC. Immune activation and treatment-induced up-regulation of PD-1 and CTLA4 on circulating T cells further suggest an added benefit of combining this approach with immune checkpoint blockade. Keywords Autologous tumor cell vaccination · CpG-B · IFN-alpha · GM-CSF · Metastatic renal cell cancer.",
author = "Koster, {Bas D.} and Santegoets, {Saskia J. A. M.} and Jorien Harting and Arnold Baars and {van Ham}, {S. Marieke} and Scheper, {Rik J.} and Erik Hooijberg and {de Gruijl}, {Tanja D.} and {van den Eertwegh}, {Alfons J. M.}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1007/s00262-019-02328-6",
language = "English",
journal = "Cancer Immunology and Immunotherapy",
issn = "0340-7004",
publisher = "Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Correction to: Autologous tumor cell vaccination combined with systemic CpG-B and IFN-α promotes immune activation and induces clinical responses in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma: a phase II trial (Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy, (2019), 10.1007/s00262-019-02320-0)

AU - Koster, Bas D.

AU - Santegoets, Saskia J. A. M.

AU - Harting, Jorien

AU - Baars, Arnold

AU - van Ham, S. Marieke

AU - Scheper, Rik J.

AU - Hooijberg, Erik

AU - de Gruijl, Tanja D.

AU - van den Eertwegh, Alfons J. M.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - In the original publication of the article the following abstract and keywords were inadvertently omitted. Abstract Background In this study the toxicity and efficacy of an irradiated autologous tumor cell vaccine (ATV) co-injected with a class-B CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (CpG-B) and GMCSF, followed by systemic CpG-B and IFN-α administration, were examined in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). Methods A single-arm Phase II trial was conducted, in which patients with mRCC were intradermally injected with a minimum of three whole-cell vaccines containing 0.7–1.3 × 107 irradiated autologous tumor cells (ATC), admixed with 1 mg CpG-B and 100 μg GM-CSF, followed by bi-weekly s.c. injections with 8 mg CpG-B and s.c. injections with 6 MU IFN-α three times per week. Results Fifteen patients were treated according to the protocol. Treatment was well tolerated. Objective clinical responses occurred in three patients, including one longterm complete response. Disease stabilization occurred in another three patients. Positive delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) responses to ATC were absent before treatment but present in 13 out of 15 patients during treatment. Immune monitoring revealed activation of plasmacytoid dendritic cells, non-classical monocytes and up-regulation of both PD-1 and CTLA4 on effector T cells upon treatment. Moreover, a pre-existing ex vivo IFN-γ response to ATC was associated with clinical response. Conclusions ATV combined with systemic CpG-B and IFN-α is tolerable, safe, immunogenic and able to elicit antitumor responses in patients with mRCC. Immune activation and treatment-induced up-regulation of PD-1 and CTLA4 on circulating T cells further suggest an added benefit of combining this approach with immune checkpoint blockade. Keywords Autologous tumor cell vaccination · CpG-B · IFN-alpha · GM-CSF · Metastatic renal cell cancer.

AB - In the original publication of the article the following abstract and keywords were inadvertently omitted. Abstract Background In this study the toxicity and efficacy of an irradiated autologous tumor cell vaccine (ATV) co-injected with a class-B CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (CpG-B) and GMCSF, followed by systemic CpG-B and IFN-α administration, were examined in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). Methods A single-arm Phase II trial was conducted, in which patients with mRCC were intradermally injected with a minimum of three whole-cell vaccines containing 0.7–1.3 × 107 irradiated autologous tumor cells (ATC), admixed with 1 mg CpG-B and 100 μg GM-CSF, followed by bi-weekly s.c. injections with 8 mg CpG-B and s.c. injections with 6 MU IFN-α three times per week. Results Fifteen patients were treated according to the protocol. Treatment was well tolerated. Objective clinical responses occurred in three patients, including one longterm complete response. Disease stabilization occurred in another three patients. Positive delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) responses to ATC were absent before treatment but present in 13 out of 15 patients during treatment. Immune monitoring revealed activation of plasmacytoid dendritic cells, non-classical monocytes and up-regulation of both PD-1 and CTLA4 on effector T cells upon treatment. Moreover, a pre-existing ex vivo IFN-γ response to ATC was associated with clinical response. Conclusions ATV combined with systemic CpG-B and IFN-α is tolerable, safe, immunogenic and able to elicit antitumor responses in patients with mRCC. Immune activation and treatment-induced up-regulation of PD-1 and CTLA4 on circulating T cells further suggest an added benefit of combining this approach with immune checkpoint blockade. Keywords Autologous tumor cell vaccination · CpG-B · IFN-alpha · GM-CSF · Metastatic renal cell cancer.

UR - https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85064073238&origin=inward

UR - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30919028

U2 - 10.1007/s00262-019-02328-6

DO - 10.1007/s00262-019-02328-6

M3 - Erratum

JO - Cancer Immunology and Immunotherapy

JF - Cancer Immunology and Immunotherapy

SN - 0340-7004

ER -