Correlation between Doppler flow patterns in growth-restricted fetuses and neonatal circulation

J. C. Tanis, M. R. Boelen, D. M. Schmitz, L. Casarella, M. E. van der Laan, A. F. Bos, C. M. Bilardo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether prenatal Doppler parameters in growth-restricted fetuses are correlated with neonatal circulatory changes.

METHODS: In 43 cases of suspected fetal growth restriction (FGR), serial Doppler measurements of umbilical artery (UA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) pulsatility index (PI) were performed. The last measurement, closest to delivery (< 1 week before birth), was used for analysis. Neonatal circulation was assessed for 2 h/day on Days 1-5, 8 and 15 by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) of the cerebral, renal and splanchnic regions. We calculated fractional tissue oxygen extraction (FTOE) as: (arterial oxygen saturation - NIRS value)/arterial oxygen saturation. The following ratios were calculated: cerebroplacental ratio (CPR; MCA-PI/UA-PI), cerebrorenal ratio (CRR; cerebral/renal FTOE) and cerebrosplanchnic ratio (CSR; cerebral/splanchnic FTOE). Spearman's rank correlation coefficient (ρ) was calculated between prenatal Doppler parameters and neonatal NIRS variables. These analyses were carried out for the entire group, and separately for cases of early FGR (delivered < 34 weeks) and late FGR (≥ 34 weeks).

RESULTS: Fetal Doppler parameters correlated with neonatal NIRS variables on Days 1-3: UA-PI correlated with renal FTOE (Day 1: ρ = 0.454, P < 0.01) and CRR (Day 1: ρ = -0.517, P < 0.001). MCA-PI correlated with cerebral FTOE on Day 2 (ρ = 0.469, P < 0.01), approached statistical significance on Day 3 but was not correlated on Day 1. CPR correlated with CRR (Day 1: ρ = 0.474, P < 0.01). Most associations lost their statistical significance when early and late FGR subgroups were considered separately.

CONCLUSION: Low MCA-PI and low CPR, indicating brain sparing before birth, are associated with low CRR after birth, indicating relatively greater blood flow to the cerebrum than to the renal region. Based on the results of this study, it could be speculated that if brain sparing is present in the fetal circulation, it persists during the first 3 days after birth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-216
Number of pages7
JournalUltrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume48
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

@article{5ad9905c29894b5fa86fe473f63031fc,
title = "Correlation between Doppler flow patterns in growth-restricted fetuses and neonatal circulation",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether prenatal Doppler parameters in growth-restricted fetuses are correlated with neonatal circulatory changes.METHODS: In 43 cases of suspected fetal growth restriction (FGR), serial Doppler measurements of umbilical artery (UA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) pulsatility index (PI) were performed. The last measurement, closest to delivery (< 1 week before birth), was used for analysis. Neonatal circulation was assessed for 2 h/day on Days 1-5, 8 and 15 by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) of the cerebral, renal and splanchnic regions. We calculated fractional tissue oxygen extraction (FTOE) as: (arterial oxygen saturation - NIRS value)/arterial oxygen saturation. The following ratios were calculated: cerebroplacental ratio (CPR; MCA-PI/UA-PI), cerebrorenal ratio (CRR; cerebral/renal FTOE) and cerebrosplanchnic ratio (CSR; cerebral/splanchnic FTOE). Spearman's rank correlation coefficient (ρ) was calculated between prenatal Doppler parameters and neonatal NIRS variables. These analyses were carried out for the entire group, and separately for cases of early FGR (delivered < 34 weeks) and late FGR (≥ 34 weeks).RESULTS: Fetal Doppler parameters correlated with neonatal NIRS variables on Days 1-3: UA-PI correlated with renal FTOE (Day 1: ρ = 0.454, P < 0.01) and CRR (Day 1: ρ = -0.517, P < 0.001). MCA-PI correlated with cerebral FTOE on Day 2 (ρ = 0.469, P < 0.01), approached statistical significance on Day 3 but was not correlated on Day 1. CPR correlated with CRR (Day 1: ρ = 0.474, P < 0.01). Most associations lost their statistical significance when early and late FGR subgroups were considered separately.CONCLUSION: Low MCA-PI and low CPR, indicating brain sparing before birth, are associated with low CRR after birth, indicating relatively greater blood flow to the cerebrum than to the renal region. Based on the results of this study, it could be speculated that if brain sparing is present in the fetal circulation, it persists during the first 3 days after birth.",
keywords = "brain sparing, Doppler, FGR, near-infrared spectroscopy, NIRS",
author = "Tanis, {J. C.} and Boelen, {M. R.} and Schmitz, {D. M.} and L. Casarella and {van der Laan}, {M. E.} and Bos, {A. F.} and Bilardo, {C. M.}",
year = "2016",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/uog.15744",
language = "English",
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}

Correlation between Doppler flow patterns in growth-restricted fetuses and neonatal circulation. / Tanis, J. C.; Boelen, M. R.; Schmitz, D. M.; Casarella, L.; van der Laan, M. E.; Bos, A. F.; Bilardo, C. M.

In: Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 48, No. 2, 01.08.2016, p. 210-216.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Correlation between Doppler flow patterns in growth-restricted fetuses and neonatal circulation

AU - Tanis, J. C.

AU - Boelen, M. R.

AU - Schmitz, D. M.

AU - Casarella, L.

AU - van der Laan, M. E.

AU - Bos, A. F.

AU - Bilardo, C. M.

PY - 2016/8/1

Y1 - 2016/8/1

N2 - OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether prenatal Doppler parameters in growth-restricted fetuses are correlated with neonatal circulatory changes.METHODS: In 43 cases of suspected fetal growth restriction (FGR), serial Doppler measurements of umbilical artery (UA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) pulsatility index (PI) were performed. The last measurement, closest to delivery (< 1 week before birth), was used for analysis. Neonatal circulation was assessed for 2 h/day on Days 1-5, 8 and 15 by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) of the cerebral, renal and splanchnic regions. We calculated fractional tissue oxygen extraction (FTOE) as: (arterial oxygen saturation - NIRS value)/arterial oxygen saturation. The following ratios were calculated: cerebroplacental ratio (CPR; MCA-PI/UA-PI), cerebrorenal ratio (CRR; cerebral/renal FTOE) and cerebrosplanchnic ratio (CSR; cerebral/splanchnic FTOE). Spearman's rank correlation coefficient (ρ) was calculated between prenatal Doppler parameters and neonatal NIRS variables. These analyses were carried out for the entire group, and separately for cases of early FGR (delivered < 34 weeks) and late FGR (≥ 34 weeks).RESULTS: Fetal Doppler parameters correlated with neonatal NIRS variables on Days 1-3: UA-PI correlated with renal FTOE (Day 1: ρ = 0.454, P < 0.01) and CRR (Day 1: ρ = -0.517, P < 0.001). MCA-PI correlated with cerebral FTOE on Day 2 (ρ = 0.469, P < 0.01), approached statistical significance on Day 3 but was not correlated on Day 1. CPR correlated with CRR (Day 1: ρ = 0.474, P < 0.01). Most associations lost their statistical significance when early and late FGR subgroups were considered separately.CONCLUSION: Low MCA-PI and low CPR, indicating brain sparing before birth, are associated with low CRR after birth, indicating relatively greater blood flow to the cerebrum than to the renal region. Based on the results of this study, it could be speculated that if brain sparing is present in the fetal circulation, it persists during the first 3 days after birth.

AB - OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether prenatal Doppler parameters in growth-restricted fetuses are correlated with neonatal circulatory changes.METHODS: In 43 cases of suspected fetal growth restriction (FGR), serial Doppler measurements of umbilical artery (UA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) pulsatility index (PI) were performed. The last measurement, closest to delivery (< 1 week before birth), was used for analysis. Neonatal circulation was assessed for 2 h/day on Days 1-5, 8 and 15 by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) of the cerebral, renal and splanchnic regions. We calculated fractional tissue oxygen extraction (FTOE) as: (arterial oxygen saturation - NIRS value)/arterial oxygen saturation. The following ratios were calculated: cerebroplacental ratio (CPR; MCA-PI/UA-PI), cerebrorenal ratio (CRR; cerebral/renal FTOE) and cerebrosplanchnic ratio (CSR; cerebral/splanchnic FTOE). Spearman's rank correlation coefficient (ρ) was calculated between prenatal Doppler parameters and neonatal NIRS variables. These analyses were carried out for the entire group, and separately for cases of early FGR (delivered < 34 weeks) and late FGR (≥ 34 weeks).RESULTS: Fetal Doppler parameters correlated with neonatal NIRS variables on Days 1-3: UA-PI correlated with renal FTOE (Day 1: ρ = 0.454, P < 0.01) and CRR (Day 1: ρ = -0.517, P < 0.001). MCA-PI correlated with cerebral FTOE on Day 2 (ρ = 0.469, P < 0.01), approached statistical significance on Day 3 but was not correlated on Day 1. CPR correlated with CRR (Day 1: ρ = 0.474, P < 0.01). Most associations lost their statistical significance when early and late FGR subgroups were considered separately.CONCLUSION: Low MCA-PI and low CPR, indicating brain sparing before birth, are associated with low CRR after birth, indicating relatively greater blood flow to the cerebrum than to the renal region. Based on the results of this study, it could be speculated that if brain sparing is present in the fetal circulation, it persists during the first 3 days after birth.

KW - brain sparing

KW - Doppler

KW - FGR

KW - near-infrared spectroscopy

KW - NIRS

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85021350828&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/uog.15744

DO - 10.1002/uog.15744

M3 - Article

VL - 48

SP - 210

EP - 216

JO - Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

JF - Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

SN - 0960-7692

IS - 2

ER -