Criterion validity of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (CES-D): Results from a community-based sample of older subjects in the Netherlands

A. T.F. Beekman*, D. J.H. Deeg, J. Van Limbeek, A. W. Braam, M. Z. De Vries, W. Van Tilburg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (CES-D) has been widely used in studies of late-life depression. Psychometric properties are generally favourable, but data on the criterion validity of the CES-D in elderly community-based samples are lacking. In a sample of older (55-85 years) inhabitants of the Netherlands, 487 subjects were selected to study criterion validity of the CES-D. Using the 1-month prevalence of major depression derived from the Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS) as criterion, the weighted sensitivity of the CES-D was 100%; specificity 88%; and positive predictive value 13.2%. False positives were not more likely among elderly with physical illness, cognitive decline or anxiety. We conclude that the criterion validity of the CES-D for major depression was very satisfactory in this sample of older adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-235
Number of pages5
JournalPsychological Medicine
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1997

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