Cultured rat striatal and cortical astrocytes protect mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons against hydrogen peroxide toxicity independent of their effect on neuronal development

C H Langeveld, C A Jongenelen, E Schepens, J C Stoof, A Bast, B Drukarch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS), including hydrogen peroxide, are supposed to be involved in the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in Parkinson's disease. The potential role of astrocytes against neurotoxic effects of ROS was studied in cocultures of rat mesencephalic neurons and rat striatal or cortical astrocytes. Neuronal [3H]dopamine uptake, a marker of dopaminergic neuron integrity, was enhanced by striatal astrocytes, but not by cortical astrocytes, compared to uptake in mesencephalic neurons cultured alone. Whereas hydrogen peroxide at concentrations up to 100 microM reduced the [3H]dopamine uptake in neuronal cultures, no reduction of the uptake was observed in cocultures, regardless of the origin of the supporting astrocytes. These results suggest that astrocyte mediated protection of neurons against hydrogen peroxide induced toxicity is not directly related to a region-specific neurotrophic effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-6
Number of pages4
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume192
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 1995

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