D-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria Type I (D-2-HGA Type I), a neurometabolic disorder with a broad clinical spectrum, is caused by recessive variants in the D2HGDH gene encoding D-2-hydroxyglutarate dehydrogenase (D-2-HGDH). We and others detected 42 potentially pathogenic variants in D2HGDH of which 31 were missense. We developed functional studies to investigate the effect of missense variants on D-2-HGDH catalytic activity. Site-directed mutagenesis was used to introduce 31 missense variants in the pCMV5-D2HGDH expression vector. The wild type and missense variants were overexpressed in HEK293 cells. D-2-HGDH enzyme activity was evaluated based on the conversion of [ 2 H 4 ]D-2-HG to [ 2 H 4 ]2-ketoglutarate, which was subsequently converted into [ 2 H 4 ]L-glutamate and the latter quantified by LC-MS/MS. Eighteen variants resulted in almost complete ablation of D-2-HGDH activity and thus, should be considered pathogenic. The remaining 13 variants manifested residual activities ranging between 17% and 94% of control enzymatic activity. Our functional assay evaluating the effect of novel D2HGDH variants will be beneficial for the classification of missense variants and determination of pathogenicity.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2019|