Decreasing Hospital Length of Stay: Effects on Daily Functioning in Older Adults

Majogé van Vliet, Martijn Huisman, Dorly J.H. Deeg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To examine the effects of decreasing hospital length of stay (HLOS) on change in functioning from prehospital admission to posthospital discharge in older cohorts. Design: Cohort-sequential design. Setting: Nationwide, older population-based Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA). Participants: Individuals aged 68 and older with any hospital admission according to national medical registry data: two 10-year age groups (68–77 (younger-old) and 78–87 (older-old)) in two periods (1996–99 (Period 1) and 2006–09 (Period 2)) (N = 1,212). Measurements: HLOS was the main independent variable in multinomial logistic models, dichotomized as 1 to 5 days (short) and 6 days or longer (long). Outcomes were change scores in mobility and activities in daily living (ADLs). Respondents who died during the 3-year period were assigned to a third outcome category. Results: Results for both age groups showed more hospital admissions and shorter median HLOS in Period 2 than Period 1 (P <.05). Lower odds of decline in physical functioning were found in respondents with short HLOS than in those with long HLOS (for mobility: odds ratio (OR) = 0.36, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.23–0.54 (younger-old) and OR = 0.47, 95% CI = 0.30–0.72 (older-old); for ADLs: OR = 0.30, 95% CI = 0.19–0.48 (younger-old) and OR = 0.30, 95% CI = 0.18–0.53 (older-old)). Adjusting for confounders did not significantly change these estimates. Period did not modify these associations. Conclusion: Because the associations of HLOS with change in mobility and ADLs were the same in both periods, hospitalized older adults had neither advantage nor disadvantage from the decrease in HLOS. In addition, in both age groups, a greater percentage experienced the better functional outcomes and lower mortality associated with short admissions, which suggests an advantage of the decrease in HLOS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1214-1221
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume65
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017

Cite this

@article{871f092ac899488c95ac4d73eabc7653,
title = "Decreasing Hospital Length of Stay: Effects on Daily Functioning in Older Adults",
abstract = "Objectives: To examine the effects of decreasing hospital length of stay (HLOS) on change in functioning from prehospital admission to posthospital discharge in older cohorts. Design: Cohort-sequential design. Setting: Nationwide, older population-based Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA). Participants: Individuals aged 68 and older with any hospital admission according to national medical registry data: two 10-year age groups (68–77 (younger-old) and 78–87 (older-old)) in two periods (1996–99 (Period 1) and 2006–09 (Period 2)) (N = 1,212). Measurements: HLOS was the main independent variable in multinomial logistic models, dichotomized as 1 to 5 days (short) and 6 days or longer (long). Outcomes were change scores in mobility and activities in daily living (ADLs). Respondents who died during the 3-year period were assigned to a third outcome category. Results: Results for both age groups showed more hospital admissions and shorter median HLOS in Period 2 than Period 1 (P <.05). Lower odds of decline in physical functioning were found in respondents with short HLOS than in those with long HLOS (for mobility: odds ratio (OR) = 0.36, 95{\%} confidence interval (CI) = 0.23–0.54 (younger-old) and OR = 0.47, 95{\%} CI = 0.30–0.72 (older-old); for ADLs: OR = 0.30, 95{\%} CI = 0.19–0.48 (younger-old) and OR = 0.30, 95{\%} CI = 0.18–0.53 (older-old)). Adjusting for confounders did not significantly change these estimates. Period did not modify these associations. Conclusion: Because the associations of HLOS with change in mobility and ADLs were the same in both periods, hospitalized older adults had neither advantage nor disadvantage from the decrease in HLOS. In addition, in both age groups, a greater percentage experienced the better functional outcomes and lower mortality associated with short admissions, which suggests an advantage of the decrease in HLOS.",
keywords = "cohort study, functional decline, hospital length of stay, mortality, older adults",
author = "{van Vliet}, Majog{\'e} and Martijn Huisman and Deeg, {Dorly J.H.}",
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Decreasing Hospital Length of Stay : Effects on Daily Functioning in Older Adults. / van Vliet, Majogé; Huisman, Martijn; Deeg, Dorly J.H.

In: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Vol. 65, No. 6, 01.06.2017, p. 1214-1221.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Decreasing Hospital Length of Stay

T2 - Effects on Daily Functioning in Older Adults

AU - van Vliet, Majogé

AU - Huisman, Martijn

AU - Deeg, Dorly J.H.

PY - 2017/6/1

Y1 - 2017/6/1

N2 - Objectives: To examine the effects of decreasing hospital length of stay (HLOS) on change in functioning from prehospital admission to posthospital discharge in older cohorts. Design: Cohort-sequential design. Setting: Nationwide, older population-based Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA). Participants: Individuals aged 68 and older with any hospital admission according to national medical registry data: two 10-year age groups (68–77 (younger-old) and 78–87 (older-old)) in two periods (1996–99 (Period 1) and 2006–09 (Period 2)) (N = 1,212). Measurements: HLOS was the main independent variable in multinomial logistic models, dichotomized as 1 to 5 days (short) and 6 days or longer (long). Outcomes were change scores in mobility and activities in daily living (ADLs). Respondents who died during the 3-year period were assigned to a third outcome category. Results: Results for both age groups showed more hospital admissions and shorter median HLOS in Period 2 than Period 1 (P <.05). Lower odds of decline in physical functioning were found in respondents with short HLOS than in those with long HLOS (for mobility: odds ratio (OR) = 0.36, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.23–0.54 (younger-old) and OR = 0.47, 95% CI = 0.30–0.72 (older-old); for ADLs: OR = 0.30, 95% CI = 0.19–0.48 (younger-old) and OR = 0.30, 95% CI = 0.18–0.53 (older-old)). Adjusting for confounders did not significantly change these estimates. Period did not modify these associations. Conclusion: Because the associations of HLOS with change in mobility and ADLs were the same in both periods, hospitalized older adults had neither advantage nor disadvantage from the decrease in HLOS. In addition, in both age groups, a greater percentage experienced the better functional outcomes and lower mortality associated with short admissions, which suggests an advantage of the decrease in HLOS.

AB - Objectives: To examine the effects of decreasing hospital length of stay (HLOS) on change in functioning from prehospital admission to posthospital discharge in older cohorts. Design: Cohort-sequential design. Setting: Nationwide, older population-based Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA). Participants: Individuals aged 68 and older with any hospital admission according to national medical registry data: two 10-year age groups (68–77 (younger-old) and 78–87 (older-old)) in two periods (1996–99 (Period 1) and 2006–09 (Period 2)) (N = 1,212). Measurements: HLOS was the main independent variable in multinomial logistic models, dichotomized as 1 to 5 days (short) and 6 days or longer (long). Outcomes were change scores in mobility and activities in daily living (ADLs). Respondents who died during the 3-year period were assigned to a third outcome category. Results: Results for both age groups showed more hospital admissions and shorter median HLOS in Period 2 than Period 1 (P <.05). Lower odds of decline in physical functioning were found in respondents with short HLOS than in those with long HLOS (for mobility: odds ratio (OR) = 0.36, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.23–0.54 (younger-old) and OR = 0.47, 95% CI = 0.30–0.72 (older-old); for ADLs: OR = 0.30, 95% CI = 0.19–0.48 (younger-old) and OR = 0.30, 95% CI = 0.18–0.53 (older-old)). Adjusting for confounders did not significantly change these estimates. Period did not modify these associations. Conclusion: Because the associations of HLOS with change in mobility and ADLs were the same in both periods, hospitalized older adults had neither advantage nor disadvantage from the decrease in HLOS. In addition, in both age groups, a greater percentage experienced the better functional outcomes and lower mortality associated with short admissions, which suggests an advantage of the decrease in HLOS.

KW - cohort study

KW - functional decline

KW - hospital length of stay

KW - mortality

KW - older adults

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JF - Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

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