Defining the Tumor Microenvironment of Penile Cancer by Means of the Cancer Immunogram

Hielke-Martijn de Vries, Sarah R. Ottenhof, Simon Horenblas, Michiel S. van der Heijden, Ekaterina S. Jordanova

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review


CD8 + T-cell infiltration and PD-L1 expression are commonly observed in penile cancers, providing the rationale for immunotherapeutic treatment, particularly in advanced disease. Clinical trials testing checkpoint blockade are ongoing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)718-721
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Urology Focus
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2019

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