Depletion of macrophages in mice results in higher dengue virus titers and highlights the role of macrophages for virus control

K. Fink, C. Ng, C. Nkenfou, S.G. Vasudevan, N. van Rooijen, W. Schul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Monocytes and macrophages are target cells for dengue infection. Besides their potential role for virus replication, activated monocytes/macrophages produce cytokines that may be critical for dengue pathology. To study the in vivo role of monocytes and macrophages for virus replication, we depleted monocytes and macrophages in IFN-alpha beta gamma R knockout mice with clodronate liposomes before dengue infection. Although less virus was first recovered in the draining LN in the absence of macrophages, monocyte/macrophage depletion eventually resulted in a ten-fold higher systemic viral titer. A massive infiltration of CD11b(+)CD11c(low)Ly6C(low) monocytes into infected organs was observed in parallel with increasing virus titers before viremia. was controlled. Depletion of monocytes in the blood before or after local infection had no impact on virus titers, suggesting that monocytes are not required as "virus-shuttles". Our data provide evidence that systemic viremia is established independently of tissue macrophages present at the site of infection and blood monocytes. Instead, we demonstrate the importance of monocytes/macrophages for the control of dengue virus
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)2809-2821
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Volume39
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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