Slow sinusoidal, hemodynamic oscillations (SSHOs) around 0.1 Hz are frequently seen in mammalian and human brains. In four patients undergoing epilepsy surgery, subtle but robust fluctuations in oxy- and deoxyhemoglobin were detected using hyperspectral imaging of the cortex. These SSHOs were stationary during the entire 4 to 10 min acquisition time. By Fourier filtering the oxy- and deoxyhemoglobin time signals with a small bandwidth, SSHOs became visible within localized regions of the brain, with distinctive frequencies and a continuous phase variation within that region. SSHOs of deoxyhemoglobin appeared to have an opposite phase and 11% smaller amplitude with respect to the oxyhemoglobin SSHOs. Although the origin of SSHOs remains unclear, we find indications that the observed SSHOs may embody a local propagating hemodynamic wave with velocities in line with capillary blood velocities, and conceivably related to vasomotion and maintenance of adequate tissue perfusion. Hyperspectral imaging of the human cortex during surgery allow in-depth characterization of SSHOs, and may give further insight in the nature and potential (clinical) use of SSHOs.
Noordmans, H. J., van Blooijs, D., Siero, J. C. W., Zwanenburg, J. J. M., Klaessens, J. H. G. M., & Ramsey, N. F. (2018). Detailed view on slow sinusoidal, hemodynamic oscillations on the human brain cortex by Fourier transforming oxy/deoxy hyperspectral images. Human Brain Mapping, 39(9), 3558-3573. https://doi.org/10.1002/hbm.24194