Determination of intra-oral surface areas by cone-beam computed tomography analysis and their relation with anthrometric measurements of the head

Z. Assy*, C. Klop, H. S. Brand, R. C. Hoogeveen, J. H. Koolstra, F. J. Bikker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Purpose: Determination of intra-oral surface areas might contribute to our understanding of the physiology of the oral cavity and oral diseases. In previous studies, the intra-oral surface area was determined using a laborious and technically challenging method. Our aim was to develop an easy and non-invasive method to determine the intra-oral surface areas. Methods: In this study, we used cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and digital analysis in 20 human cadavers to determine various intra-oral surface areas, based on digital segmentation. Next, we explored whether there was a relationship between various intra-oral surface areas and anthropometric measurements of the head using Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: Using CBCT and digital analysis, it was possible to determine various intra-oral surface areas. On average, the total intra-oral surface area was 173 ± 19 cm2. Moderate, statistical significant correlations were observed between (1) the length of the head and the palatal surface area, as well as (2) the depth of the head and the surface area of the tongue. These correlations suggest the feasibility of estimating intra-oral surface areas without relying on CBCT imaging. Conclusions: This study presents a technique for measuring the intra-oral surface areas by CBCT imaging in combination with digital analysis. The results of this study suggest that anthropometric measurements of the head might be used to estimate the surface areas of the palate and tongue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1063-1071
Number of pages9
JournalSurgical and Radiologic Anatomy
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020
Externally publishedYes

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