Purpose: To describe and validate a new methodology for visualizing and quantifying 3-dimensional (3D) displacement of the stent frames of the Nellix endosystem after endovascular aneurysm sealing (EVAS). Methods: The 3D positions of the stent frames were registered to 5 fixed anatomical landmarks on the post-EVAS computed tomography (CT) scans, facilitating comparison of the position and shape of the stent frames between consecutive follow-up scans. Displacement of the proximal and distal ends of the stent frames, the entire stent frame trajectories, as well as changes in distance between the stent frames were determined for 6 patients with >5-mm displacement and 6 patients with <5-mm displacement at 1-year follow-up. The measurements were performed by 2 independent observers; the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to determine interobserver variability. Results: Three types of displacement were identified: displacement of the proximal and/or distal end of the stent frames, lateral displacement of one or both stent frames, and stent frame buckling. The ICC ranged from good (0.750) to excellent (0.958). No endoleak or migration was detected in the 12 patients on conventional CT angiography at 1 year. However, of the 6 patients with >5-mm displacement on the 1-year CT as determined by the new methodology, 2 went on to develop a type Ia endoleak in longer follow-up, and displacement progressed to >15 mm for 2 other patients. No endoleak or progressive displacement was appreciated for the patients with <5-mm displacement. Conclusion: The sac anchoring principle of the Nellix endosystem may result in several types of displacement that have not been observed during surveillance of regular endovascular aneurysm repairs. The presented methodology allows precise 3D determination of the Nellix endosystems and can detect subtle displacement better than standard CT angiography. Displacement >5 mm on the 1-year CT scans reconstructed with the new methodology may forecast impaired sealing and anchoring of the Nellix endosystem.
van Veen, R., van Noort, K., Schuurmann, R. C. L., Wille, J., Slump, C. H., & de Vries, J-P. P. M. (2018). Determination of Stent Frame Displacement After Endovascular Aneurysm Sealing. Journal of Endovascular Therapy, 25(1), 52-61. https://doi.org/10.1177/1526602817745513