Development of a workplace intervention for sick-listed employees with stress-related mental disorders: Intervention Mapping as a useful tool

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: To date, mental health problems and mental workload have been increasingly related to long-term sick leave and disability. However, there is, as yet, no structured protocol available for the identification and application of an intervention for stress-related mental health problems at the workplace. This paper describes the structured development, implementation and planning for the evaluation of a return-to-work intervention for sick-listed employees with stress-related mental disorders (SMDs). The intervention is based on an existing successful return-to-work intervention for sick-listed employees with low back pain.

METHODS: The principles of Intervention Mapping were applied to combine theory and evidence in the development, implementation and planning for the evaluation of a participatory workplace intervention, aimed at an early return-to-work for sick-listed employees with SMDs. All stakeholders were involved in focus group interviews: i.e. employees recently sick-listed with SMDs, supervisors and occupational health professionals.

RESULTS: The development of the participatory workplace intervention according to the Intervention Mapping principles resulted in a structured return-to-work intervention, specifically tailored to the needs of sick-listed employees with SMDs. Return-to-work was proposed as a behavioural change, and the Attitude - Social influence - self-Efficacy model was identified as a theoretical framework. Stakeholder involvement in focus group interviews served to enhance the implementation. The cost-effectiveness of the intervention will be evaluated in a randomised controlled trial.

CONCLUSION: Intervention Mapping was found to be a promising method to develop interventions tailored to a specific target group in the field of occupational health.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127
JournalBMC Health Services Research
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2007

Cite this

@article{e8208fce6b02418b80a483ad28c2e00f,
title = "Development of a workplace intervention for sick-listed employees with stress-related mental disorders: Intervention Mapping as a useful tool",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: To date, mental health problems and mental workload have been increasingly related to long-term sick leave and disability. However, there is, as yet, no structured protocol available for the identification and application of an intervention for stress-related mental health problems at the workplace. This paper describes the structured development, implementation and planning for the evaluation of a return-to-work intervention for sick-listed employees with stress-related mental disorders (SMDs). The intervention is based on an existing successful return-to-work intervention for sick-listed employees with low back pain.METHODS: The principles of Intervention Mapping were applied to combine theory and evidence in the development, implementation and planning for the evaluation of a participatory workplace intervention, aimed at an early return-to-work for sick-listed employees with SMDs. All stakeholders were involved in focus group interviews: i.e. employees recently sick-listed with SMDs, supervisors and occupational health professionals.RESULTS: The development of the participatory workplace intervention according to the Intervention Mapping principles resulted in a structured return-to-work intervention, specifically tailored to the needs of sick-listed employees with SMDs. Return-to-work was proposed as a behavioural change, and the Attitude - Social influence - self-Efficacy model was identified as a theoretical framework. Stakeholder involvement in focus group interviews served to enhance the implementation. The cost-effectiveness of the intervention will be evaluated in a randomised controlled trial.CONCLUSION: Intervention Mapping was found to be a promising method to develop interventions tailored to a specific target group in the field of occupational health.",
keywords = "Clinical Protocols, Cooperative Behavior, Focus Groups, Guidelines as Topic, Health Services Research, Humans, Interviews as Topic, Mental Disorders/etiology, Netherlands, Occupational Health Services/organization & administration, Organizational Innovation, Patient Care Planning, Program Development, Program Evaluation, Self Efficacy, Sick Leave/statistics & numerical data, Stress, Psychological/complications, Workplace/psychology",
author = "{van Oostrom}, {Sandra H} and Anema, {Johannes R} and Berend Terluin and Anita Venema and {de Vet}, {Henrica C W} and {van Mechelen}, Willem",
year = "2007",
month = "8",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1186/1472-6963-7-127",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "127",
journal = "BMC Health Services Research",
issn = "1472-6963",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Development of a workplace intervention for sick-listed employees with stress-related mental disorders

T2 - Intervention Mapping as a useful tool

AU - van Oostrom, Sandra H

AU - Anema, Johannes R

AU - Terluin, Berend

AU - Venema, Anita

AU - de Vet, Henrica C W

AU - van Mechelen, Willem

PY - 2007/8/15

Y1 - 2007/8/15

N2 - BACKGROUND: To date, mental health problems and mental workload have been increasingly related to long-term sick leave and disability. However, there is, as yet, no structured protocol available for the identification and application of an intervention for stress-related mental health problems at the workplace. This paper describes the structured development, implementation and planning for the evaluation of a return-to-work intervention for sick-listed employees with stress-related mental disorders (SMDs). The intervention is based on an existing successful return-to-work intervention for sick-listed employees with low back pain.METHODS: The principles of Intervention Mapping were applied to combine theory and evidence in the development, implementation and planning for the evaluation of a participatory workplace intervention, aimed at an early return-to-work for sick-listed employees with SMDs. All stakeholders were involved in focus group interviews: i.e. employees recently sick-listed with SMDs, supervisors and occupational health professionals.RESULTS: The development of the participatory workplace intervention according to the Intervention Mapping principles resulted in a structured return-to-work intervention, specifically tailored to the needs of sick-listed employees with SMDs. Return-to-work was proposed as a behavioural change, and the Attitude - Social influence - self-Efficacy model was identified as a theoretical framework. Stakeholder involvement in focus group interviews served to enhance the implementation. The cost-effectiveness of the intervention will be evaluated in a randomised controlled trial.CONCLUSION: Intervention Mapping was found to be a promising method to develop interventions tailored to a specific target group in the field of occupational health.

AB - BACKGROUND: To date, mental health problems and mental workload have been increasingly related to long-term sick leave and disability. However, there is, as yet, no structured protocol available for the identification and application of an intervention for stress-related mental health problems at the workplace. This paper describes the structured development, implementation and planning for the evaluation of a return-to-work intervention for sick-listed employees with stress-related mental disorders (SMDs). The intervention is based on an existing successful return-to-work intervention for sick-listed employees with low back pain.METHODS: The principles of Intervention Mapping were applied to combine theory and evidence in the development, implementation and planning for the evaluation of a participatory workplace intervention, aimed at an early return-to-work for sick-listed employees with SMDs. All stakeholders were involved in focus group interviews: i.e. employees recently sick-listed with SMDs, supervisors and occupational health professionals.RESULTS: The development of the participatory workplace intervention according to the Intervention Mapping principles resulted in a structured return-to-work intervention, specifically tailored to the needs of sick-listed employees with SMDs. Return-to-work was proposed as a behavioural change, and the Attitude - Social influence - self-Efficacy model was identified as a theoretical framework. Stakeholder involvement in focus group interviews served to enhance the implementation. The cost-effectiveness of the intervention will be evaluated in a randomised controlled trial.CONCLUSION: Intervention Mapping was found to be a promising method to develop interventions tailored to a specific target group in the field of occupational health.

KW - Clinical Protocols

KW - Cooperative Behavior

KW - Focus Groups

KW - Guidelines as Topic

KW - Health Services Research

KW - Humans

KW - Interviews as Topic

KW - Mental Disorders/etiology

KW - Netherlands

KW - Occupational Health Services/organization & administration

KW - Organizational Innovation

KW - Patient Care Planning

KW - Program Development

KW - Program Evaluation

KW - Self Efficacy

KW - Sick Leave/statistics & numerical data

KW - Stress, Psychological/complications

KW - Workplace/psychology

U2 - 10.1186/1472-6963-7-127

DO - 10.1186/1472-6963-7-127

M3 - Article

VL - 7

SP - 127

JO - BMC Health Services Research

JF - BMC Health Services Research

SN - 1472-6963

ER -