Development of an antibody-capture IgM-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for diagnosis of acute Epstein-Barr virus infections

F Wielaard, J Scherders, C Dagelinckx, J M Middeldorp, L J Sabbe, C Van Belzen

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Abstract

An anti-EBV IgM-ELISA was developed using the antibody-capture principle, to be used for the diagnosis of acute infectious mononucleosis (IM). The test was based on anti-human IgM-coated microtiter plates; nuclei of EBV producer cells were used for antigen; conjugate was prepared by labeling sheep anti-EBV IgG with horseradish peroxidase. The specificity of the anti-EBV IgM-ELISA was studied with a panel of sera from acute infections with hepatitis A virus, rubella virus, Toxoplasma gondii and cytomegalovirus, and sera positive for rheumatoid factors, positive for antinuclear antibodies, as well as with sera from normal blood donors and pregnant women. Specificity in these panels was 98.4%. In a clinical study with 449 sera from patients with IM-like symptoms, 109 of 109 confirmed patients were detected by the anti-EBV IgM-ELISA. Specificity of the anti-EBV IgM-ELISA in this clinical study was 99.7%. The anti-EBV IgM-ELISA detected several acute EBV patients who had negative heterophile antibody titers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-15
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Virological Methods
Volume21
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1988

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