Development of anti-CD32b antibodies with enhanced Fc function for the treatment of B and plasma cell malignancies

Haihui Lu*, Ryan D. Molony, Dongshu Chen, Sunyoung Jang, Babette Wolf, Stefan Ewert, Meghan Flaherty, Fangmin Xu, Sinan Isim, Yeonju Shim, Christina Dornelas, Nicole Balke, Xavier Charles Leber, Meike Scharenberg, Johanna Koelln, Eugene Choi, Rebecca Ward, Jennifer Johnson, Thomas Calzascia, Isabelle IsnardiJuliet A. Williams, Pieter L. Lindenbergh, Niels W. C. J. van de Donk, Tuna Mutis, Heather Huet, Emma Lees, Matthew J. Meyer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The sole inhibitory Fcg receptor CD32b (Fcg RIIb) is expressed throughout B and plasma cell development and on their malignant counterparts. CD32b expression on malignant B cells is known to provide a mechanism of resistance to rituximab that can be ameliorated with a CD32b-blocking antibody. CD32b, therefore, represents an attractive tumor antigen for targeting with a monoclonal antibody (mAb). To this end, two anti-CD32b mAbs, NVS32b1 and NVS32b2, were developed. Their complementarity-determining regions (CDR) bind the CD32b Fc binding domain with high specificity and affinity while the Fc region is afucosylated to enhance activation of Fcg RIIIa on immune effector cells. The NVS32b mAbs selectively target CD32bþ malignant cells and healthy B cells but not myeloid cells. They mediate potent killing of opsonized CD32bþ cells via antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity and phagocytosis (ADCC and ADCP) as well as complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC). In addition, NVS32b CDRs block the CD32b Fc–binding domain, thereby minimizing CD32b-mediated resistance to therapeutic mAbs including rituximab, obinutuzumab, and daratumumab. NVS32b mAbs demonstrate robust antitumor activity against CD32bþ xenografts in vivo and immunomodulatory activity including recruitment of macrophages to the tumor and enhancement of dendritic cell maturation in response to immune complexes. Finally, the activity of NVS32b mAbs on CD32bþ primary malignant B and plasma cells was confirmed using samples from patients with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and multiple myeloma. The findings indicate the promising potential of NVS32b mAbs as a single agent or in combination with other mAb therapeutics for patients with CD32bþ malignant cells.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2089-2104
Number of pages16
JournalMolecular Cancer Therapeutics
Volume19
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020

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