Abstract

Behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) is characterized by behavioural and social cognitive disturbances, while various psychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders may have similar clinical symptoms. Since neurodegenerative disorders are eventually progressive, whereas primary psychiatric disorders are not, this study aimed to investigate whether the change in clinical symptoms over time differed between groups and which biomarkers predicted rate of decline. Disease trajectories (median follow-up = 3 years) of frontal and stereotyped behaviour, general and frontal cognitive functioning, and social cognition were examined in bvFTD (n = 34), other neurodegenerative (n = 28) and primary psychiatric disorders (n = 43), all presenting with late-onset frontal lobe syndrome (45-75 years), using linear mixed models. To gain more insight in underlying pathological processes driving disease progression, we studied the association of baseline cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) (neurofilament light (NfL) and YKL-40 levels, phosphotau181 to total tau ratio) and neuroimaging markers with disease trajectories. Frontal behavioural symptoms (e.g., disinhibition, apathy) worsened over time in bvFTD, whereas they improved in psychiatric disorders and remained stable in other neurodegenerative disorders. General and frontal cognitive decline was observed in bvFTD and other neurodegenerative disorders, but not in psychiatric disorders. None of the groups showed change in stereotypy and social cognition. For all diagnostic groups, higher CSF NfL levels were associated with faster frontal cognitive decline. A modest association was observed between caudate volume and stereotyped behaviour. Tracking frontal behavioural symptoms and cognition has potential to distinguish bvFTD from other disorders. CSF NfL levels seem to be associated with decline in frontal cognitive functioning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-191
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Psychiatric Research
Volume104
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018

Cite this

@article{8d0e9a5fc66e431e829bf5591cdf3ea0,
title = "Disease trajectories in behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia, primary psychiatric and other neurodegenerative disorders presenting with behavioural change",
abstract = "Behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) is characterized by behavioural and social cognitive disturbances, while various psychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders may have similar clinical symptoms. Since neurodegenerative disorders are eventually progressive, whereas primary psychiatric disorders are not, this study aimed to investigate whether the change in clinical symptoms over time differed between groups and which biomarkers predicted rate of decline. Disease trajectories (median follow-up = 3 years) of frontal and stereotyped behaviour, general and frontal cognitive functioning, and social cognition were examined in bvFTD (n = 34), other neurodegenerative (n = 28) and primary psychiatric disorders (n = 43), all presenting with late-onset frontal lobe syndrome (45-75 years), using linear mixed models. To gain more insight in underlying pathological processes driving disease progression, we studied the association of baseline cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) (neurofilament light (NfL) and YKL-40 levels, phosphotau181 to total tau ratio) and neuroimaging markers with disease trajectories. Frontal behavioural symptoms (e.g., disinhibition, apathy) worsened over time in bvFTD, whereas they improved in psychiatric disorders and remained stable in other neurodegenerative disorders. General and frontal cognitive decline was observed in bvFTD and other neurodegenerative disorders, but not in psychiatric disorders. None of the groups showed change in stereotypy and social cognition. For all diagnostic groups, higher CSF NfL levels were associated with faster frontal cognitive decline. A modest association was observed between caudate volume and stereotyped behaviour. Tracking frontal behavioural symptoms and cognition has potential to distinguish bvFTD from other disorders. CSF NfL levels seem to be associated with decline in frontal cognitive functioning.",
author = "Reus, {Lianne M} and Vijverberg, {Everard Gb} and Tijms, {Betty M} and Kate, {Mara Ten} and Flora Gossink and Krudop, {Welmoed A} and Campo, {Marta Del} and Teunissen, {Charlotte E} and Frederik Barkhof and {van der Flier}, {Wiesje M} and Visser, {Pieter Jelle} and Annemiek Dols and Pijnenburg, {Yolande Al}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1016/j.jpsychires.2018.07.014",
language = "English",
volume = "104",
pages = "183--191",
journal = "Journal of Psychiatric Research",
issn = "0022-3956",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Disease trajectories in behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia, primary psychiatric and other neurodegenerative disorders presenting with behavioural change

AU - Reus, Lianne M

AU - Vijverberg, Everard Gb

AU - Tijms, Betty M

AU - Kate, Mara Ten

AU - Gossink, Flora

AU - Krudop, Welmoed A

AU - Campo, Marta Del

AU - Teunissen, Charlotte E

AU - Barkhof, Frederik

AU - van der Flier, Wiesje M

AU - Visser, Pieter Jelle

AU - Dols, Annemiek

AU - Pijnenburg, Yolande Al

N1 - Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2018/9

Y1 - 2018/9

N2 - Behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) is characterized by behavioural and social cognitive disturbances, while various psychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders may have similar clinical symptoms. Since neurodegenerative disorders are eventually progressive, whereas primary psychiatric disorders are not, this study aimed to investigate whether the change in clinical symptoms over time differed between groups and which biomarkers predicted rate of decline. Disease trajectories (median follow-up = 3 years) of frontal and stereotyped behaviour, general and frontal cognitive functioning, and social cognition were examined in bvFTD (n = 34), other neurodegenerative (n = 28) and primary psychiatric disorders (n = 43), all presenting with late-onset frontal lobe syndrome (45-75 years), using linear mixed models. To gain more insight in underlying pathological processes driving disease progression, we studied the association of baseline cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) (neurofilament light (NfL) and YKL-40 levels, phosphotau181 to total tau ratio) and neuroimaging markers with disease trajectories. Frontal behavioural symptoms (e.g., disinhibition, apathy) worsened over time in bvFTD, whereas they improved in psychiatric disorders and remained stable in other neurodegenerative disorders. General and frontal cognitive decline was observed in bvFTD and other neurodegenerative disorders, but not in psychiatric disorders. None of the groups showed change in stereotypy and social cognition. For all diagnostic groups, higher CSF NfL levels were associated with faster frontal cognitive decline. A modest association was observed between caudate volume and stereotyped behaviour. Tracking frontal behavioural symptoms and cognition has potential to distinguish bvFTD from other disorders. CSF NfL levels seem to be associated with decline in frontal cognitive functioning.

AB - Behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) is characterized by behavioural and social cognitive disturbances, while various psychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders may have similar clinical symptoms. Since neurodegenerative disorders are eventually progressive, whereas primary psychiatric disorders are not, this study aimed to investigate whether the change in clinical symptoms over time differed between groups and which biomarkers predicted rate of decline. Disease trajectories (median follow-up = 3 years) of frontal and stereotyped behaviour, general and frontal cognitive functioning, and social cognition were examined in bvFTD (n = 34), other neurodegenerative (n = 28) and primary psychiatric disorders (n = 43), all presenting with late-onset frontal lobe syndrome (45-75 years), using linear mixed models. To gain more insight in underlying pathological processes driving disease progression, we studied the association of baseline cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) (neurofilament light (NfL) and YKL-40 levels, phosphotau181 to total tau ratio) and neuroimaging markers with disease trajectories. Frontal behavioural symptoms (e.g., disinhibition, apathy) worsened over time in bvFTD, whereas they improved in psychiatric disorders and remained stable in other neurodegenerative disorders. General and frontal cognitive decline was observed in bvFTD and other neurodegenerative disorders, but not in psychiatric disorders. None of the groups showed change in stereotypy and social cognition. For all diagnostic groups, higher CSF NfL levels were associated with faster frontal cognitive decline. A modest association was observed between caudate volume and stereotyped behaviour. Tracking frontal behavioural symptoms and cognition has potential to distinguish bvFTD from other disorders. CSF NfL levels seem to be associated with decline in frontal cognitive functioning.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2018.07.014

DO - 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2018.07.014

M3 - Article

VL - 104

SP - 183

EP - 191

JO - Journal of Psychiatric Research

JF - Journal of Psychiatric Research

SN - 0022-3956

ER -