Disruption of sialic acid metabolism drives tumor growth by augmenting CD8+ T cell apoptosis

Lenneke A M Cornelissen, Athanasios Blanas, Joost C van der Horst, Laura Kruijssen, Anouk Zaal, Tom O'Toole, Lieke Wiercx, Yvette van Kooyk, Sandra J van Vliet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Sialylated glycan structures are known for their immunomodulatory capacities and their contribution to tumor immune evasion. However, the role of aberrant sialylation in colorectal cancer and the consequences of complete tumor desialylation on anti-tumor immunity remain unstudied. Here, we report that CIRSPR/Cas9-mediated knock out of the CMAS gene, encoding a key enzyme in the sialylation pathway, in the mouse colorectal cancer MC38 cell line completely abrogated cell surface expression of sialic acids (MC38-Sianull ) and, unexpectedly, significantly increased in vivo tumor growth compared to the control MC38-MOCK cells. This enhanced tumor growth of MC38-Sianull cells could be attributed to decreased CD8+ T cell frequencies in the tumor microenvironment only, as immune cell frequencies in tumor-draining lymph nodes remained unaffected. In addition, MC38-Sianull cells were able to induce CD8+ T cell apoptosis in an antigen-independent manner. Moreover, low CMAS gene expression correlated with reduced recurrence-free survival in a human colorectal cancer cohort, supporting the clinical relevance of our work. Together, these results demonstrate for the first time a detrimental effect of complete tumor desialylation on colorectal cancer tumor growth, which greatly impacts the design of novel cancer therapeutics aimed at altering the tumor glycosylation profile. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2290
Number of pages2302
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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