Single-stranded oligodeoxyribonucleotide (ssODN)- mediated repair of CRISPR/Cas9-induced DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) can effectively be used to introduce small genomic alterations in a defined locus. Here, we reveal DNA mismatch repair (MMR) activity is crucial for efficient nucleotide substitution distal from the Cas9-induced DNA break when the substitution is instructed by the 3′ half of the ssODN. Furthermore, protecting the ssODN 3′ end with phosphorothioate linkages enhances MMRdependent gene editing events. Our findings can be exploited to optimize efficiencies of nucleotide substitutions distal from the DSB and imply that oligonucleotide-mediated gene editing is effectuated by templated break repair.
Harmsen, T., Klaasen, S., van de Vrugt, H., & te Riele, H. (2018). DNA mismatch repair and oligonucleotide end-protection promote base-pair substitution distal from a CRISPR/Cas9-induced DNA break. Nucleic Acids Research, 46(6), 2945-2955. https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gky076