Do Physical Activity, Social Cohesion, and Loneliness Mediate the Association Between Time Spent Visiting Green Space and Mental Health?

Magdalena M. van den Berg, Mireille van Poppel, Irene van Kamp, Annemarie Ruijsbroek, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Christoffer Gidlow, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Regina Gražulevičiene, Willem van Mechelen, Hanneke Kruize, Jolanda Maas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This cross-sectional study investigated whether physical activity, social cohesion, and loneliness mediate the association between time spent visiting green spaces and perceived mental health and vitality. Questionnaire data were collected from 3,948 residents from 124 neighborhoods across four European cities. Multilevel linear regression analysis revealed positive, but weak, associations between time spent visiting green space and Medical Outcome Study Short Form (SF-36) mental health and vitality score, which suggest small mental health benefits. Single mediation analyses showed that different indicators of physical activity (total, during leisure time, and walking during leisure time), social cohesion, and loneliness were mediators. Multiple mediation analyses showed that physical activity during leisure time and loneliness may explain about 25% of the relationship. The unmediated part of the association suggests that other mediators may explain the association.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-166
JournalEnvironment and Behavior
Volume51
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019

Cite this

van den Berg, Magdalena M. ; van Poppel, Mireille ; van Kamp, Irene ; Ruijsbroek, Annemarie ; Triguero-Mas, Margarita ; Gidlow, Christoffer ; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J. ; Gražulevičiene, Regina ; van Mechelen, Willem ; Kruize, Hanneke ; Maas, Jolanda. / Do Physical Activity, Social Cohesion, and Loneliness Mediate the Association Between Time Spent Visiting Green Space and Mental Health?. In: Environment and Behavior. 2019 ; Vol. 51, No. 2. pp. 144-166.
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title = "Do Physical Activity, Social Cohesion, and Loneliness Mediate the Association Between Time Spent Visiting Green Space and Mental Health?",
abstract = "This cross-sectional study investigated whether physical activity, social cohesion, and loneliness mediate the association between time spent visiting green spaces and perceived mental health and vitality. Questionnaire data were collected from 3,948 residents from 124 neighborhoods across four European cities. Multilevel linear regression analysis revealed positive, but weak, associations between time spent visiting green space and Medical Outcome Study Short Form (SF-36) mental health and vitality score, which suggest small mental health benefits. Single mediation analyses showed that different indicators of physical activity (total, during leisure time, and walking during leisure time), social cohesion, and loneliness were mediators. Multiple mediation analyses showed that physical activity during leisure time and loneliness may explain about 25{\%} of the relationship. The unmediated part of the association suggests that other mediators may explain the association.",
author = "{van den Berg}, {Magdalena M.} and {van Poppel}, Mireille and {van Kamp}, Irene and Annemarie Ruijsbroek and Margarita Triguero-Mas and Christoffer Gidlow and Nieuwenhuijsen, {Mark J.} and Regina Gražulevičiene and {van Mechelen}, Willem and Hanneke Kruize and Jolanda Maas",
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van den Berg, MM, van Poppel, M, van Kamp, I, Ruijsbroek, A, Triguero-Mas, M, Gidlow, C, Nieuwenhuijsen, MJ, Gražulevičiene, R, van Mechelen, W, Kruize, H & Maas, J 2019, 'Do Physical Activity, Social Cohesion, and Loneliness Mediate the Association Between Time Spent Visiting Green Space and Mental Health?' Environment and Behavior, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 144-166. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916517738563

Do Physical Activity, Social Cohesion, and Loneliness Mediate the Association Between Time Spent Visiting Green Space and Mental Health? / van den Berg, Magdalena M.; van Poppel, Mireille; van Kamp, Irene; Ruijsbroek, Annemarie; Triguero-Mas, Margarita; Gidlow, Christoffer; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J.; Gražulevičiene, Regina; van Mechelen, Willem; Kruize, Hanneke; Maas, Jolanda.

In: Environment and Behavior, Vol. 51, No. 2, 01.02.2019, p. 144-166.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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