Dose coverage and breath-hold analysis of breast cancer patients treated with surface-guided radiotherapy

Janita Dekker, Marion Essers, Marcel Verheij, Martijn Kusters, Willy de Kruijf

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BACKGROUND: Surface-guided radiotherapy (SGRT) is used to ensure a reproducible patient set-up and for intra-fraction motion monitoring. The arm position of breast cancer patients is important, since this is related to the position of the surrounding lymph nodes. The aim of the study was to investigate the set-up accuracy of the arm of patients positioned using SGRT. Moreover, the actual delivered dose was investigated and an extensive breath-hold analysis was performed. METHODS: 84 patients who received local or locoregional breast radiation therapy were positioned and monitored using SGRT. The accuracy of the arm position, represented by the clavicle position, was studied on the anterior-posterior kV-image. To investigate the effect of changes in anatomy and patient set-up, the actual delivered dose was calculated on cone-beam CT-scans (CBCT). A deformable registration of the CT to the CBCT was applied to deform the structures of the CT onto the CBCT. The minimum dose in percentage of the prescribed dose that was received by 98% of different CTV volumes (D98) was determined. An extensive breath-hold analysis was performed and definitions for relevant parameters were given. RESULTS: The arm position of 77 out of 84 patients in total was successful, based on the clavicle rotation. The mean clavicle rotation was 0.4° (± 2.0°). For 89.8% of the patients who were irradiated on the whole-breast D98 was larger than 95% of the prescribed dose (D98 > 95%). D98 > 95% applied for 70.8% of the patients irradiated on the chest wall. Concerning the lymph node CTVs, D98 > 95% for at least 95% of the patients. The breath-hold analysis showed a mean residual setup error of - 0.015 (± 0.90), - 0.18 (± 0.82), - 0.58 (± 1.1) mm in vertical, lateral, and longitudinal direction, respectively. The reproducibility and stability of the breath-hold was good, with median 0.60 mm (95% confidence interval (CI) [0.66-0.71] mm) and 0.20 mm (95% CI 0.21-0.23] mm), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Using SGRT we were able to position breast cancer patients successfully, with focus on the arm position. The actual delivered dose calculated on the CBCT was adequate and no relation between clavicle rotation and actual delivered dose was found. Moreover, breath-hold analysis showed a good reproducibility and stability of the breath-hold. Trial registration CCMO register NL69214.028.19.
Original languageEnglish
Article number72
Pages (from-to)72
JournalRadiation Oncology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

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