BACKGROUND: The early detection of human cytomegalovirus infection after organ transplantation is a prerequisite for effective antiviral therapy. We evaluated the diagnostic value of monitoring the viral immediate-early (IE) 1 mRNA expression in blood leukocytes by nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (NASBA).
METHODS: Nucleic acids were isolated from 489 blood samples collected from 42 kidney transplant recipients and subjected to amplification by IE NASBA. The IE NASBA results were compared to those from pp67 NASBA, pp65 antigenemia, cell culture (DEAFF and CPE), and serology.
RESULTS: IE NASBA proved to be the most sensitive assay which detected the onset of both primary and secondary cytomegalovirus infection significantly earlier than the other assays.
CONCLUSIONS: The early detection of cytomegalovirus infection with IE NASBA would enable the start of effective antiviral therapy at an early state of infection to prevent cytomegalovirus disease in patients at risk.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 15 May 1999|