Early intervention by Captopril does not improve wound healing of partial thickness burn wounds in a rat model

Johanneke J.J. Akershoek, Katrien M. Brouwer, Marcel Vlig, Bouke K.H.L. Boekema, Rob H.J. Beelen, Esther Middelkoop, Magda M.W. Ulrich*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The Renin Angiotensin System is involved in fibrotic pathologies in various organs such as heart, kidney and liver. Inhibition of this system by angiotensin converting enzyme antagonists, such as Captopril, has been shown beneficial effects on these pathologies. Captopril reduced the inflammatory reaction but also directly influenced the fibrotic process.Prolonged and excessive inflammatory response is a major cause of hypertrophic scar formation in burns. We therefore evaluated the effect of Captopril on the healing of partial thickness burn wounds in a rat model.Partial thickness contact burns were inflicted on the dorsum of the rats. The rats received either systemic or local treatment with Captopril. The inflammatory reaction and wound healing (scar) parameters were investigated and compared to control animals.In this study we could not detect positive effects of either administration route with Captopril on the inflammatory reaction, nor on wound healing parameters. The local treatment showed reduced wound closure in comparison to the systemic treatment and the control group.Early Captopril treatment of burn wounds did not show the beneficial effects that were reported for fibrotic disorders in other tissues. To influence the fibrotic response Captopril treatment at a later time point, e.g. during the remodeling phase, might still have beneficial effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-435
Number of pages7
JournalBurns
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018

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