Education and training policies for research integrity: Insights from a focus group study

Krishma Labib*, Natalie Evans, Rea Roje, Panagiotis Kavouras, Andrea Reyes Elizondo, Wolfgang Kaltenbrunner, Ivan Buljan, Tine Ravn, Guy Widdershoven, Lex Bouter, Costas Charitidis, Mads P. Sørensen, Joeri Tijdink

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Education is important for fostering research integrity (RI). Although RI training is increasingly provided, there is little knowledge on how research stakeholders view institutional RI education and training policies. Following a constructivist approach, we present insights about research stakeholders' views and experiences regarding how research institutions can develop and implement RI education and training policies. We conducted thirty focus groups, engaging 147 participants in eight European countries. Using a mixed deductive-inductive thematic analysis, we identified five themes: (1) RI education should be available to all; (2) education and training approaches and goals should be tailored; (3) motivating trainees is essential; (4) both formal and informal educational formats are necessary; and (5) institutions should take into account various individual, institutional, and system-of-science factors when implementing RI education. Our findings suggest that institutions should make RI education attractive for all and tailor training to disciplinary-specific contexts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-266
Number of pages21
JournalScience & Public Policy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2022

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