EEG-directed connectivity from posterior brain regions is decreased in dementia with Lewy bodies: a comparison with Alzheimer's disease and controls

Meenakshi Dauwan, Edwin van Dellen, Lotte van Boxtel, Elisabeth C. W. van Straaten, Hanneke de Waal, Afina W. Lemstra, Alida Gouw, Wiesje M. van der Flier, Philip Scheltens, Iris E. Sommer, Cornelis J. Stam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Directed information flow between brain regions might be disrupted in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and relate to the clinical syndrome of DLB. To investigate this hypothesis, resting-state electroencephalography recordings were obtained in patients with probable DLB and Alzheimer's disease (AD), and controls (N = 66 per group, matched for age and gender). Phase transfer entropy was used to measure directed connectivity in the groups for the theta, alpha, and beta frequency band. A posterior-to-anterior phase transfer entropy gradient, with occipital channels driving the frontal channels, was found in controls in all frequency bands. This posterior-to-anterior gradient was largely lost in DLB in the alpha band (p < 0.05). In the beta band, posterior brain regions were less driving in information flow in AD than in DLB and controls. In conclusion, the common posterior-to-anterior pattern of directed connectivity in controls is disturbed in DLB patients in the alpha band, and in AD patients in the beta band. Disrupted alpha band–directed connectivity may underlie the clinical syndrome of DLB and differentiate between DLB and AD.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-129
JournalNeurobiology of Aging
Volume41
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2016

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