Effect of spinal degenerative changes on volumetric bone mineral density of the central skeleton as measured by quantitative computed tomography

G Guglielmi, I Floriani, V Torri, J. Li, C van Kuijk, H.K. Genant, Thomas F. Lang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of degenerative changes due to osteoarthritis (OA) at the spine on volumetric bone mineral density (BMD) as measured by volumetric quantitative computed tomography (vQCT).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-four elderly women (mean age 73 +/- 6 years), comprising 33 with vertebral fractures assessed by radiographs and 51 without vertebral fractures, were studied. Trabecular, cortical, and integral BMD were examined at the spine and hip using a helical CT scanner and were compared to dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measurements at the same sites. OA changes visible on the radiographs were categorized into two grades according to severity. Differences in BMD measures obtained in the two groups of patients defined by OA grade using the described radiologic methods were compared using analysis of variance. Standardized difference (effect sizes) was also compared between radiologic methods.

RESULTS: Spinal trabecular BMD did not differ significantly between OA grade 0 and OA grade 1. Spinal cortical and integral BMD measures showed statistically significant differences, as did the lumbar spine DXA BMD measurement (13%, P = 0.02). The QCT measurements at the hip were also higher in OA 1 subjects. Femoral trabecular BMD was 13-15% higher in OA grade 1 subjects than in OA grade 0 subjects. The cortical BMD measures in the CT_TOT_FEM and CT_TROCH ROI's were also higher in the OA 1 subjects. The integral QCT BMD measures in the hip showed difference between grades OA 1 and 0. The DXA measurements in the neck and trochanter ROI's showed smaller differences (9 and 11%, respectively). There were no statistically significant differences in bone size.

CONCLUSION: There is no evidence supporting that trabecular BMD measurements by QCT are influenced by OA. Instead, degenerative changes have an effect on both cortical and integral QCT, and on DXA at the lumbar spine and the hip. For subjects with established OA, assessment of BMD by volumetric QCT may be suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-75
Number of pages7
JournalActa Radiologica
Volume46
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2005

Cite this

Guglielmi, G ; Floriani, I ; Torri, V ; Li, J. ; van Kuijk, C ; Genant, H.K. ; Lang, Thomas F. / Effect of spinal degenerative changes on volumetric bone mineral density of the central skeleton as measured by quantitative computed tomography. In: Acta Radiologica. 2005 ; Vol. 46, No. 3. pp. 269-75.
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title = "Effect of spinal degenerative changes on volumetric bone mineral density of the central skeleton as measured by quantitative computed tomography",
abstract = "PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of degenerative changes due to osteoarthritis (OA) at the spine on volumetric bone mineral density (BMD) as measured by volumetric quantitative computed tomography (vQCT).MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-four elderly women (mean age 73 +/- 6 years), comprising 33 with vertebral fractures assessed by radiographs and 51 without vertebral fractures, were studied. Trabecular, cortical, and integral BMD were examined at the spine and hip using a helical CT scanner and were compared to dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measurements at the same sites. OA changes visible on the radiographs were categorized into two grades according to severity. Differences in BMD measures obtained in the two groups of patients defined by OA grade using the described radiologic methods were compared using analysis of variance. Standardized difference (effect sizes) was also compared between radiologic methods.RESULTS: Spinal trabecular BMD did not differ significantly between OA grade 0 and OA grade 1. Spinal cortical and integral BMD measures showed statistically significant differences, as did the lumbar spine DXA BMD measurement (13{\%}, P = 0.02). The QCT measurements at the hip were also higher in OA 1 subjects. Femoral trabecular BMD was 13-15{\%} higher in OA grade 1 subjects than in OA grade 0 subjects. The cortical BMD measures in the CT_TOT_FEM and CT_TROCH ROI's were also higher in the OA 1 subjects. The integral QCT BMD measures in the hip showed difference between grades OA 1 and 0. The DXA measurements in the neck and trochanter ROI's showed smaller differences (9 and 11{\%}, respectively). There were no statistically significant differences in bone size.CONCLUSION: There is no evidence supporting that trabecular BMD measurements by QCT are influenced by OA. Instead, degenerative changes have an effect on both cortical and integral QCT, and on DXA at the lumbar spine and the hip. For subjects with established OA, assessment of BMD by volumetric QCT may be suggested.",
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Effect of spinal degenerative changes on volumetric bone mineral density of the central skeleton as measured by quantitative computed tomography. / Guglielmi, G; Floriani, I; Torri, V; Li, J.; van Kuijk, C; Genant, H.K.; Lang, Thomas F.

In: Acta Radiologica, Vol. 46, No. 3, 05.2005, p. 269-75.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of spinal degenerative changes on volumetric bone mineral density of the central skeleton as measured by quantitative computed tomography

AU - Guglielmi, G

AU - Floriani, I

AU - Torri, V

AU - Li, J.

AU - van Kuijk, C

AU - Genant, H.K.

AU - Lang, Thomas F.

PY - 2005/5

Y1 - 2005/5

N2 - PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of degenerative changes due to osteoarthritis (OA) at the spine on volumetric bone mineral density (BMD) as measured by volumetric quantitative computed tomography (vQCT).MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-four elderly women (mean age 73 +/- 6 years), comprising 33 with vertebral fractures assessed by radiographs and 51 without vertebral fractures, were studied. Trabecular, cortical, and integral BMD were examined at the spine and hip using a helical CT scanner and were compared to dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measurements at the same sites. OA changes visible on the radiographs were categorized into two grades according to severity. Differences in BMD measures obtained in the two groups of patients defined by OA grade using the described radiologic methods were compared using analysis of variance. Standardized difference (effect sizes) was also compared between radiologic methods.RESULTS: Spinal trabecular BMD did not differ significantly between OA grade 0 and OA grade 1. Spinal cortical and integral BMD measures showed statistically significant differences, as did the lumbar spine DXA BMD measurement (13%, P = 0.02). The QCT measurements at the hip were also higher in OA 1 subjects. Femoral trabecular BMD was 13-15% higher in OA grade 1 subjects than in OA grade 0 subjects. The cortical BMD measures in the CT_TOT_FEM and CT_TROCH ROI's were also higher in the OA 1 subjects. The integral QCT BMD measures in the hip showed difference between grades OA 1 and 0. The DXA measurements in the neck and trochanter ROI's showed smaller differences (9 and 11%, respectively). There were no statistically significant differences in bone size.CONCLUSION: There is no evidence supporting that trabecular BMD measurements by QCT are influenced by OA. Instead, degenerative changes have an effect on both cortical and integral QCT, and on DXA at the lumbar spine and the hip. For subjects with established OA, assessment of BMD by volumetric QCT may be suggested.

AB - PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of degenerative changes due to osteoarthritis (OA) at the spine on volumetric bone mineral density (BMD) as measured by volumetric quantitative computed tomography (vQCT).MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-four elderly women (mean age 73 +/- 6 years), comprising 33 with vertebral fractures assessed by radiographs and 51 without vertebral fractures, were studied. Trabecular, cortical, and integral BMD were examined at the spine and hip using a helical CT scanner and were compared to dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measurements at the same sites. OA changes visible on the radiographs were categorized into two grades according to severity. Differences in BMD measures obtained in the two groups of patients defined by OA grade using the described radiologic methods were compared using analysis of variance. Standardized difference (effect sizes) was also compared between radiologic methods.RESULTS: Spinal trabecular BMD did not differ significantly between OA grade 0 and OA grade 1. Spinal cortical and integral BMD measures showed statistically significant differences, as did the lumbar spine DXA BMD measurement (13%, P = 0.02). The QCT measurements at the hip were also higher in OA 1 subjects. Femoral trabecular BMD was 13-15% higher in OA grade 1 subjects than in OA grade 0 subjects. The cortical BMD measures in the CT_TOT_FEM and CT_TROCH ROI's were also higher in the OA 1 subjects. The integral QCT BMD measures in the hip showed difference between grades OA 1 and 0. The DXA measurements in the neck and trochanter ROI's showed smaller differences (9 and 11%, respectively). There were no statistically significant differences in bone size.CONCLUSION: There is no evidence supporting that trabecular BMD measurements by QCT are influenced by OA. Instead, degenerative changes have an effect on both cortical and integral QCT, and on DXA at the lumbar spine and the hip. For subjects with established OA, assessment of BMD by volumetric QCT may be suggested.

KW - Absorptiometry, Photon

KW - Aged

KW - Analysis of Variance

KW - Bone Density

KW - Bone and Bones

KW - Cohort Studies

KW - Cross-Sectional Studies

KW - Female

KW - Hip

KW - Humans

KW - Italy

KW - Lumbar Vertebrae

KW - Osteoarthritis

KW - Reproducibility of Results

KW - Severity of Illness Index

KW - Spinal Diseases

KW - Spinal Fractures

KW - Spine

KW - Tomography, Spiral Computed

KW - Comparative Study

KW - Journal Article

M3 - Article

VL - 46

SP - 269

EP - 275

JO - Acta Radiologica

JF - Acta Radiologica

SN - 0284-1851

IS - 3

ER -