BACKGROUND: In chronic haemodialysis (HD), morbidity may result from repetitive induction of the acute phase response, caused by a bioincompatible dialysis membrane and/or contaminated dialysate. In the present study, cytokine release (interleukin-6, IL-6) and subsequent production of acute phase proteins (C-reactive protein, CRP and secretory phospholipase A(2), sPLA(2)) were assessed to investigate whether the HD-induced acute phase reaction depends mainly on the type of membrane or on the sterility of the dialysate.
METHODS: In 11 patients, IL-6, CRP and sPLA(2) levels were assessed in blood samples drawn before (t(0)), at the end (t(180)) and 24 h after the start of HD (t(1440)). All patients were dialysed on Cuprammonium (CU) and Polysulphon (PS) dialysers and seven patients underwent an additional HD session on CU plus a dialysate filter (CUf).
RESULTS: IL-6 levels were increased significantly at t(180) compared with t(0) (P<0.02) with both CU and CUf. At t(1440), IL-6 levels had returned to baseline. In contrast, marked fluctuations did not occur during HD with PS. At t(180), IL-6 was significantly greater with CU and CUf devices, than with PS (P<0.02). Following HD with CU and CUf, a significant increase in CRP was observed at t(1440), compared with postdialysis values (P</=0.05). In addition, sPLA(2) values were markedly increased at t(1440), compared with t(180), but only significant in the case of CU (P=0.01). IL-6 levels at t(180) were significantly correlated with CRP (r=0.50, P<0.01) and sPLA(2) (r=0.47, P=0.01) values at t(1440). During HD with PS membranes, neither CRP nor sPLA(2) values were markedly changed.
CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to PS, both CU and CUf resulted in elevated IL-6 plasma levels at the end of HD, compared with t(0), which correlated with increased CRP and sPLA(2) values 24 h later. Therefore, the type of membrane, rather than the bacterial quality of the dialysate, seems to be responsible for the induction of the acute phase response during clinical bicarbonate HD.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2000|