Effects of exergaming in people with dementia: results of a systematic literature review

JM van der Molen-van Santen, RM Droes, Marije S. Holstege, Olivier Blanson-Henkemans, JK van Rijn, Ralph de Vries, Annemieke van Straten, FJM Meiland

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background:
Physical exercise benefits functioning, health, and well-being. However, people living with dementia in particular hardly engage in exercise. Exergaming (exercise and gaming) is an innovative, fun, and relatively safe way of exercising in a virtual reality or gaming environment. It may help people living with dementia overcome barriers they can experience regarding regular exercise activities.

Objective:
This systematic literature review aims to provide an overview of the cost-effectiveness of exergaming and its effects on physical, cognitive, emotional, and social functioning, as well as the quality of life in people living with dementia.

Methods:
PubMed, Embase, Cinahl, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library, and the Web of Science Core Collection were searched. Selection of studies was carried out by at least two independent researchers.

Results:
Three studies were found to be eligible and were included in this review. Two of these showed some statistically significant effects of exergaming on physical, cognitive, and emotional functioning in people living with dementia, although based on a very small sample. No articles were found about the cost-effectiveness of exergaming.

Conclusions:
Only a few controlled studies have been conducted into the effectiveness of exergaming, and these show very little significant benefits. More well-designed studies are necessary to examine the effects of exergaming.
LanguageEnglish
Article numberDOI: 10.3233/JAD-170667
Pages741
Number of pages760
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume63
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 24 Apr 2018

Cite this

van der Molen-van Santen, JM., Droes, RM., Holstege, M. S., Blanson-Henkemans, O., van Rijn, JK., de Vries, R., ... Meiland, FJM. (2018). Effects of exergaming in people with dementia: results of a systematic literature review. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 63(2), 741. [DOI: 10.3233/JAD-170667].
van der Molen-van Santen, JM ; Droes, RM ; Holstege, Marije S. ; Blanson-Henkemans, Olivier ; van Rijn, JK ; de Vries, Ralph ; van Straten, Annemieke ; Meiland, FJM. / Effects of exergaming in people with dementia: results of a systematic literature review. In: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. 2018 ; Vol. 63, No. 2. pp. 741.
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van der Molen-van Santen, JM, Droes, RM, Holstege, MS, Blanson-Henkemans, O, van Rijn, JK, de Vries, R, van Straten, A & Meiland, FJM 2018, 'Effects of exergaming in people with dementia: results of a systematic literature review', Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, vol. 63, no. 2, DOI: 10.3233/JAD-170667, pp. 741.

Effects of exergaming in people with dementia: results of a systematic literature review. / van der Molen-van Santen, JM; Droes, RM; Holstege, Marije S.; Blanson-Henkemans, Olivier; van Rijn, JK; de Vries, Ralph; van Straten, Annemieke; Meiland, FJM.

In: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, Vol. 63, No. 2, DOI: 10.3233/JAD-170667, 24.04.2018, p. 741.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of exergaming in people with dementia: results of a systematic literature review

AU - van der Molen-van Santen, JM

AU - Droes, RM

AU - Holstege, Marije S.

AU - Blanson-Henkemans, Olivier

AU - van Rijn, JK

AU - de Vries, Ralph

AU - van Straten, Annemieke

AU - Meiland, FJM

PY - 2018/4/24

Y1 - 2018/4/24

N2 - Background:Physical exercise benefits functioning, health, and well-being. However, people living with dementia in particular hardly engage in exercise. Exergaming (exercise and gaming) is an innovative, fun, and relatively safe way of exercising in a virtual reality or gaming environment. It may help people living with dementia overcome barriers they can experience regarding regular exercise activities.Objective:This systematic literature review aims to provide an overview of the cost-effectiveness of exergaming and its effects on physical, cognitive, emotional, and social functioning, as well as the quality of life in people living with dementia.Methods:PubMed, Embase, Cinahl, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library, and the Web of Science Core Collection were searched. Selection of studies was carried out by at least two independent researchers.Results:Three studies were found to be eligible and were included in this review. Two of these showed some statistically significant effects of exergaming on physical, cognitive, and emotional functioning in people living with dementia, although based on a very small sample. No articles were found about the cost-effectiveness of exergaming.Conclusions:Only a few controlled studies have been conducted into the effectiveness of exergaming, and these show very little significant benefits. More well-designed studies are necessary to examine the effects of exergaming.

AB - Background:Physical exercise benefits functioning, health, and well-being. However, people living with dementia in particular hardly engage in exercise. Exergaming (exercise and gaming) is an innovative, fun, and relatively safe way of exercising in a virtual reality or gaming environment. It may help people living with dementia overcome barriers they can experience regarding regular exercise activities.Objective:This systematic literature review aims to provide an overview of the cost-effectiveness of exergaming and its effects on physical, cognitive, emotional, and social functioning, as well as the quality of life in people living with dementia.Methods:PubMed, Embase, Cinahl, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library, and the Web of Science Core Collection were searched. Selection of studies was carried out by at least two independent researchers.Results:Three studies were found to be eligible and were included in this review. Two of these showed some statistically significant effects of exergaming on physical, cognitive, and emotional functioning in people living with dementia, although based on a very small sample. No articles were found about the cost-effectiveness of exergaming.Conclusions:Only a few controlled studies have been conducted into the effectiveness of exergaming, and these show very little significant benefits. More well-designed studies are necessary to examine the effects of exergaming.

KW - Cognition

KW - Dementia

KW - Exercise

KW - Neuropsychiatric

KW - Play

KW - Quality of life

KW - Review

UR - https://content.iospress.com/articles/journal-of-alzheimers-disease/jad170667

M3 - Review article

VL - 63

SP - 741

JO - Journal of Alzheimer's Disease

T2 - Journal of Alzheimer's Disease

JF - Journal of Alzheimer's Disease

SN - 1387-2877

IS - 2

M1 - DOI: 10.3233/JAD-170667

ER -

van der Molen-van Santen JM, Droes RM, Holstege MS, Blanson-Henkemans O, van Rijn JK, de Vries R et al. Effects of exergaming in people with dementia: results of a systematic literature review. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. 2018 Apr 24;63(2):741. DOI: 10.3233/JAD-170667.