Effects of high-dose and conventional-dose adjuvant chemotherapy on long-term cognitive sequelae in patients with breast cancer: An electrophysiologic study

Baudewijntje P.C. Kreukels, Sanne B. Schagen, K. Richard Ridderinkhof, Willem Boogerd, Hans L. Hamburger, Martin J. Muller, Frits S.A.M. van Dam, Sanne B. Schagen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: The mechanisms underlying cognitive deficits found in a number of patients with breast cancer treated with adjuvant chemotherapy are still unclear. In the current study, we used a combination of measures of brain electric activity and cognitive performance during information processing to elucidate the origin of these cognitive deficits. Patients and Methods: Twenty-nine patients at high risk with breast cancer treated with adjuvant conventional-dose cyclophosphamide/ epirubicin/5-fluorouracil or adjuvant high-dose cyclophosphamide/ thiotepa/carboplatin were compared with 23 patients with stage I breast cancer not treated with chemotherapy approximately 4 years after completion of treatment. We studied reaction times and the amplitudes and latencies of the P3, an electrophysiologic index of information processing, in a task with different conditions related to input, central, and output processing of information. Results: The amplitude of the P3 component was significantly reduced in patients with breast cancer treated with high-dose cyclophosphamide/ thiotepa/carboplatin compared with patients with breast cancer not treated with chemotherapy. We observed no significant differences in reaction times and P3 latency between the treatment groups. Conclusion: Our data show electrophysiologic alterations in patients with breast cancer treated with high-dose chemotherapy 4 years after completion of treatment. The observed P3 reduction might be a result of suboptimal phasic cortical arousal and problems with the allocation of processing resources in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-78
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Breast Cancer
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006

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