Effects of interval aerobic training combined with strength exercise on body composition, glycaemic and lipid profile and aerobic capacity of obese rats: Journal of Sports Sciences

Irene Coll-Risco, Virginia Aparicio Garcia-Molina, E. Nebot, D. Camiletti-Moiron, R. Martinez, G. Kapravelou, M. Lopez-Jurado, J. M. Porres, P. Aranda

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of interval aerobic training combined with strength exercise in the same training session on body composition, and glycaemic and lipid profile in obese rats. Sixteen lean Zucker rats and sixteen obese Zucker rats were randomly divided into exercise and sedentary subgroups (4 groups, n=8). Exercise consisted of interval aerobic training combined with strength exercise in the same training session. The animals trained 60min/day, 5days/week for 8weeks. Body composition, lipid and glycaemic profiles and inflammatory markers were assessed.Results showed that fat mass was reduced in both lean and obese rats following the exercise training (effect size (95% confidence interval (CI))=1.8 (0.5-3.0)). Plasma low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and fasting glucose were lower in the exercise compared to the sedentary groups (d=2.0 (0.7-3.2) and 1.8 (0.5-3.0), respectively). Plasma insulin was reduced in exercise compared to sedentary groups (d=2.1 (0.8-3.4)). Some exercise x phenotype interactions showed that the highest decreases in insulin, homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance, fasting and postprandial glucose were observed in the obese+exercise group (all, P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1452-1460
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Volume34
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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