Efficacy of proton-pump inhibitors in children with gastroesophageal reflux disease: a systematic review

Rachel J van der Pol, Marije J Smits, Michiel P van Wijk, Taher I Omari, Merit M Tabbers, Marc A Benninga

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Use of proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in children has increased enormously. However, effectiveness and safety of PPIs for pediatric GERD are under debate.

OBJECTIVES: We performed a systematic review to determine effectiveness and safety of PPIs in children with GERD.

METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews for randomized controlled trials and crossover studies investigating efficacy and safety of PPIs in children aged 0 to 18 years with GERD for reduction in GERD symptoms, gastric pH, histologic aberrations, and reported adverse events.

RESULTS: Twelve studies were included with data from children aged 0-17 years. For infants, PPIs were more effective in 1 study (compared with hydrolyzed formula), not effective in 2 studies, and equally effective in 2 studies (compared with placebo) for the reduction of GERD symptoms. For children and adolescents, PPIs were equally effective (compared with alginates, ranitidine, or a different PPI dosage). For gastric acidity, in infants and children PPIs were more effective (compared with placebo, alginates, or ranitidine) in 4 studies. For reducing histologic aberrations, PPIs showed no difference (compared with ranitidine or alginates) in 3 studies. Six studies reported no differences in treatment-related adverse events (compared with placebo or a different PPI dosage).

CONCLUSIONS: PPIs are not effective in reducing GERD symptoms in infants. Placebo-controlled trials in older children are lacking. Although PPIs seem to be well tolerated during short-term use, evidence supporting the safety of PPIs is lacking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)925-35
Number of pages11
JournalPediatrics
Volume127
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2011

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