Introduction: Cardiac rehabilitation is aimed at risk factor modification and improving quality of life. eHealth has a couple of potential benefits to improve this aim. The primary purpose of this review is to summarize available literature for eHealth strategies that have been investigated in randomized controlled trials in post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients. The second purpose of this review is to investigate the clinical effectiveness in post-MI patients. Areas covered: The literature was searched using PubMed. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) describing interventions in patients that had experienced an ST-elevation myocardial infarction or non-ST acute coronary syndrome were eligible for inclusion. Fifteen full-texts were included and their results are described in this review. These RCTs described interventions that used remote coaching or remote monitoring in post-MI patients. Most interventions resulted in an improved cardiovascular risk profile. Remote coaching had a positive effect on activity and dietary intake. Expert opinion: eHealth might be clinically beneficial in post-MI patients, particularly for risk estimation. Moreover, eHealth as a tool for remote coaching on activity is a good addition to traditional cardiac rehabilitation programs. Further research needs to corroborate these findings.
Verburg, A., Selder, J. L., Schalij, M. J., Schuuring, M. J., & Treskes, R. W. (2019). eHealth to improve patient outcome in rehabilitating myocardial infarction patients. Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy, 17(3), 185-192. https://doi.org/10.1080/14779072.2019.1580570