Electrical remodeling after percutaneous atrial septal defect closure in pediatric and adult patients

Vivian P. Kamphuis, Martina Nassif, Sum-Che Man, Cees A. Swenne, Jan A. Kors, A. Suzanne Vink, Arend D. J. ten Harkel, Arie C. Maan, Barbara J. M. Mulder, Rob J. de Winter, Nico A. Blom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Several studies have reported changes in electrocardiographic variables after atrial septal defect (ASD) closure. However no temporal electro-and vectorcardiographic changes have been described from acute to long-term follow-up at different ages. We aimed to study electrical remodeling after percutaneous ASD closure in pediatric and adult patients. Methods: ECGs of 69 children and 75 adults (median age 6 [IQR 4–11] years and 45 [IQR 33–54] years, respectively) were retrospectively selected before percutaneous ASD closure and at acute (1–7 days), intermediate (4–14 weeks) and late (6–18 months) follow-up. Apart from electrocardiographic variables, spatial QRS-T angle and ventricular gradient (VG) were derived from mathematically-synthesized vectorcardiograms. Results: In both pediatric and adult patients, the heart rate decreased immediately post-closure, which persisted to late follow-up. The P-wave amplitude also decreased acutely post-closure, but remained unchanged at later follow-up. The PQ duration shortened immediately in children and at intermediate follow-up in adults. The QRS duration and QTc interval decreased at intermediate-term follow-up in both children and adults. In both groups the spatial QRS-T angle decreased at late follow-up. The VG magnitude increased at intermediate follow-up in children and at late follow-up in adults, after an initial decrease in children. Conclusion: In both pediatric and adult ASD patients, electrocardiographic changes mainly occurred directly after ASD closure except for shortening of QRS duration and QTc interval, which occurred at later follow-up. Adults also showed late changes in PQ duration. At 6-to-18 month post-closure, the spatial QRS-T angle decreased, reflecting increased electrocardiographic concordance. The initial acute decrease in VG in children, which was followed by a significant increase, may be the effect of action potential duration dynamics directly after percutaneous ASD closure.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-39
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume285
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes

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