Emerging Biological Treatment Methods for Ankle Joint and Soft Tissue Conditions: Clinical Applications as Alternative or Adjuvant

J. Nienke Altink, Gino M.M.J. Kerkhoffs*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

In the past 2 decades, there has been a rapid expansion of clinical studies investigating the safety and efficacy of biological treatment methods for a wide range of diseases. These biological treatment methods increasingly are used in clinical practice based on limited available evidence. This article provides an overview of evidence on biological treatment methods for foot and ankle pathologies, including ankle osteoarthritis, osteochondral lesions of the talus, and Achilles tendinopathy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-235
Number of pages11
JournalFoot and Ankle Clinics
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

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