Emerging Methods and Resources for Biological Interrogation of Neuropsychiatric Polygenic-Signal

Emil Uffelmann, Danielle Posthuma*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Most neuropsychiatric disorders are highly polygenic, implicating hundreds to thousands of causal genetic variants that span much of the genome. This widespread polygenicity complicates biological understanding because no single variant can explain disease etiology. A strategy to advance biological insight is to seek convergent functions among the large set of variants and map them to a smaller set of disease-relevant genes and pathways. Accordingly, functional genomic resources that provide data on intermediate molecular phenotypes, such as gene-expression and methylation status, can be leveraged to functionally annotate variants and map them to genes. Such molecular quantitative trait locus mappings can be integrated with genome-wide association studies to make sense of the polygenic signal that underlies complex disease. Other resources that provide data on the 3-dimensional structure of chromatin and functional importance of specific genomic regions can be integrated similarly. In addition, mapped genes can then be tested for convergence in biological function, tissue, cell type, or developmental stage. In this review, we provide an overview of functional genomic resources and methods that can be used to interpret results from genome-wide association studies, and we discuss current challenges for biological understanding and future requirements to overcome them.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBiological Psychiatry
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2020

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