Emotional functioning in adolescent anorexia nervosa patients: A controlled study

Mario J.S. Zonnevylle-Bender*, Stephanie H.M. Van Goozen, Peggy T. Cohen-Kettenis, Annemarie Van Elburg, Herman Van Engeland

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: In this study, emotional functioning of adolescent anorexia nervosa patients was compared with two control groups; another internalizing psychiatric outpatient group and a healthy control group. Methods: Forty-eight anorexia nervosa patients (AN), 21 other psychiatric outpatients with depressive and/or anxiety disorders (PSYCH) and 48 healthy controls (HC) completed a battery of tasks and questionnaires designed to measure different aspects of emotional functioning. Cognitive (parallel) tasks were administered to control for differences of a cognitive nature. Results: The AN and the PSYCH groups had clear deficits in emotional functioning compared to the HC group. Considering the data from the alexithymia questionnaire, it was the AN group who scored significantly worse on emotional functioning when compared to the HC group. Considering the data from the emotional tasks, both psychiatric groups performed worse than the HC group in their processing of visual emotional information and the PSYCH group had more difficulty in memorizing responses to auditory emotional stimuli than the AN and HC group. Furthermore, the PSYCH group processed auditory emotional information more slowly than the HC group. No differences between the three groups were found on the non-emotional, cognitive tasks. Conclusion: Both the AN and PSYCH patients show deficits in their processing of emotional information and details are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-34
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Mar 2004

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