Epidemiology of maxillofacial trauma in the elderly: A European multicenter study

M. Brucoli, P. Boffano, I. Romeo, C. Corio, A. Benech, M. Ruslin, T. Forouzanfar, T. Starch-Jensen, T. Rodríguez-Santamarta, J. C. de Vicente, J. Snäll, H. Thorén, B. Aničić, V. S. Konstantinovic, P. Pechalova, N. Pavlov, H. Daskalov, I. Doykova, K. Kelemith, T. TammeA. Kopchak, I. Shumynskyi, P. Corre, H. Bertin, Q. Goguet, M. Anquetil, A. Louvrier, C. Meyer, T. Dovšak, D. Vozlič, A. Birk, M. Tarle, E. Dediol

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Abstract

Introduction: The progressive aging of European population seems to determine a change in the epidemiology, incidence and etiology of maxillofacial fractures with an increase in the frequency of old patients sustaining craniofacial trauma. The objective of the present study was to assess the demographic variables, causes, and patterns of facial fractures in elderly population (with 70 years or more). Materials and methods: The data from all geriatric patients (70 years or more) with facial fractures between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2017, were collected. The following data were recorded for each patient: gender, age, voluptuary habits, comorbidities, etiology, site of facial fractures, synchronous body injuries, Facial Injury Severity Score (FISS). Results: A total of 1334 patients (599 male and 735 female patients) were included in the study. Mean age was 79.3 years, and 66% of patients reported one or more comorbidities. The most frequent cause of injury was fall and zygomatic fractures were the most frequently observed injuries. Falls were associated with a low FISS value (P < .005). Concomitant injuries were observed in 27.3% of patients. Falls were associated with the absence of concomitant injuries. The ninth decade (P < .05) and a high FISS score (P < .005) were associated with concomitant body injuries too. Conclusions: This study confirms the role of falls in the epidemiology of facial trauma in the elderly, but also highlights the frequency of involvement of females, and the high frequency of zygomatic fractures.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2019

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