BACKGROUND: Physical activity is of therapeutic value for people with schizophrenia. However, only a small percentage of them is physically active. AIM: To provide an overview, based on scientific evidence, of effective aspects of exercise-promoting interventions that can be used to induce patients with schizophrenia to engage in and continue with physical activity. METHOD: We looked for articles in PubMed and the Cochrane Library on the basis of the search terms 'adherence', 'physical activity', 'exercise', 'schizophrenia', 'psychosis', 'chronic illness' and 'severe mental illness'. RESULTS: The exercise-promoting interventions that are the most successful are those which set one goal, involve self-monitoring, stimuli and cues and use a behavioural therapeutic approach. To be effective, interventions also have to be of moderate to high intensity, be integrated into daily life and be professionally supervised, particularly at the beginning. CONCLUSION: Exercise has the potential to make an important and positive contribution to the recovery of patients with schizophrenia and should occupy a prominent position in the arsenal of therapies. Apparently, specific interventions can encourage patients to start taking and continue taking physical exercise.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie|
|Publication status||Published - 3 Sep 2012|