Interventies om mensen met schizofrenie aan het bewegen te krijgen en te houden

Translated title of the contribution: Exercise-promoting interventions for encouraging people with schizophrenia to take physical exercise

Wendela Ter Meulen, L. De Haan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Physical activity is of therapeutic value for people with schizophrenia. However, only a small percentage of them is physically active. AIM: To provide an overview, based on scientific evidence, of effective aspects of exercise-promoting interventions that can be used to induce patients with schizophrenia to engage in and continue with physical activity. METHOD: We looked for articles in PubMed and the Cochrane Library on the basis of the search terms 'adherence', 'physical activity', 'exercise', 'schizophrenia', 'psychosis', 'chronic illness' and 'severe mental illness'. RESULTS: The exercise-promoting interventions that are the most successful are those which set one goal, involve self-monitoring, stimuli and cues and use a behavioural therapeutic approach. To be effective, interventions also have to be of moderate to high intensity, be integrated into daily life and be professionally supervised, particularly at the beginning. CONCLUSION: Exercise has the potential to make an important and positive contribution to the recovery of patients with schizophrenia and should occupy a prominent position in the arsenal of therapies. Apparently, specific interventions can encourage patients to start taking and continue taking physical exercise.

Original languageDutch
Pages (from-to)741-746
Number of pages6
JournalTijdschrift voor Psychiatrie
Volume54
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sep 2012

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