Background and Purpose- We developed a rat model of silent brain infarcts based on microsphere infusion and investigated their impact on perfusion and tissue damage. Second, we studied the extent and mechanisms of perfusion recovery. Methods- At day 0, 15 µm fluorescent microspheres were injected into the right common carotid artery of F344 rats. At days 1, 7, or 28, the brain was removed, cut in 100-µm cryosections, and processed for immunofluorescent staining and analysis. Results- Injection of microspheres caused mild and transient damage to the treated hemisphere, with a decrease in perfused capillary volume at day 1, as compared with the untreated hemisphere. At day 1 but not at days 7 and 28, we observed IgG staining outside of the vessels, indicating vessel leakage. All microspheres were located inside the lumen of the vessels at day 1, whereas the vast majority (≈80%) of the microspheres were extravascular at day 7, and 100% at day 28. This was accompanied by restoration of perfused capillary volume. Conclusions- Microspheres cause mild and transient damage, and effective extravasation mechanisms exist in the brain to clear microsized emboli from the vessels.
van der Wijk, A-E., Lachkar, N., de Vos, J., Grootemaat, A. E., van der Wel, N. N., Hordijk, P. L., ... vanBavel, E. (2019). Extravasation of Microspheres in a Rat Model of Silent Brain Infarcts. Stroke, 50(6), 1590-1594. https://doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.119.024975