Eye torsion elicited by oscillating gratings: Effects of orientation, wavelength and stationary contours

L. J. Van Rijn*, J. Van Der Steen, H. Collewijn

*Corresponding author for this work

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We studied binocular cyclorotatory (torsional) eye movements in response to gratings that oscillated sinusoidally in a frontal plane. The square-wave gratings viewed by the right and left eye were presented and controlled separately to induce cycloversion and cyclovergence by oscillation in phase and out of phase. Eye movements were recorded with scierai induction coils. Stimulus oscillation frequency ranged from 0.125 to 1 Hz and the wavelength of die gratings ranged from 0.92 to 25.75 deg of visual angle. Cycloversion and cyclovergence gain were, on average, comparable in magnitude and decreased with increasing oscillation frequency. There was no consistent effect of the wavelength on the magnitude of the responses. In general, responses were considerably higher to gratings that were oriented horizontally than to those oriented vertically. This anisotropy was present both in cycloversion and cyclovergence. It was enhanced in a larger sized stimulus and by presenting stationary, orthogonal contours (mimicking a "shear" movement), but it was not consistently influenced by wavelength. Cyclovergence showed a phase lag, which increased with oscillation frequency but which was independent of wavelength. In contrast, cycloversion showed a slight phase lead which was independent of both oscillation frequency and wavelength.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)533-540
Number of pages8
JournalVision Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1994

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