Background: The effectiveness of hyperthermia is strongly dependent on the achieved tumour temperatures. Phased-array systems allow flexible power steering to realise good tumour heating while avoiding excessive heating in normal tissue, but the limited quantitative accuracy of pre-treatment planning complicates realising optimal tumour heating. On-line hyperthermia treatment planning could help to improve the heating quality. This paper demonstrates the feasibility of using on-line temperature-based treatment planning to improve the heating quality during hyperthermia in three patients. Methods: Hyperthermia treatment planning was performed using the Plan2Heat software package combined with a dedicated graphical user interface for on-line application. Electric fields were pre-calculated to allow instant update and visualisation of the predicted temperature distribution for user-selected phase-amplitude settings during treatment. On-line treatment planning using manual variation of system settings for the AMC-8 hyperthermia system was applied in one patient with a deep-seated pelvic melanoma metastasis and two cervical cancer patients. For a clinically relevant improvement the increase in average target temperature should be at least 0.2 °C. Results: With the assistance of on-line treatment planning a substantial improvement in tumour temperatures was realised for all three patients. In the melanoma patient, the average measured target temperature increased from 38.30 °C to 39.15 °C (i.e. +0.85 °C). In the cervical cancer patients, the average measured target temperature increased from 41.30 °C to 42.05 °C (i.e. +0.75 °C) and from 41.70 °C to 42.80 °C (i.e. +1.1 °C), respectively. Conclusion: On-line temperature-based treatment planning is clinically feasible to improve tumour temperatures. A next, worthwhile step is automatic optimisation for a larger number of patients.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||International journal of hyperthermia|
|Publication status||Published - 3 Oct 2018|