Feasibility of urinary extracellular vesicle proteome profiling using a robust and simple, clinically applicable isolation method

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Abstract

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) secreted by prostate cancer (PCa) cells contain specific biomarkers and can be isolated from urine. Collection of urine is not invasive, and therefore urinary EVs represent a liquid biopsy for diagnostic and prognostic testing for PCa. In this study, we optimised urinary EV isolation using a method based on heat shock proteins and compared it to gold-standard ultracentrifugation. The urinary EV isolation protocol using the Vn96-peptide is easier, time convenient (≈1.5 h) and no special equipment is needed, in contrast to ultracentrifugation protocol (>3.5 h), making this protocol clinically feasible. We compared the isolated vesicles of both ultracentrifugation and Vn96-peptide by proteome profiling using mass spectrometry-based proteomics (n = 4 per method). We reached a depth of >3000 proteins, with 2400 proteins that were commonly detected in urinary EVs from different donors. We show a large overlap (>85%) between proteins identified in EVs isolated by ultracentrifugation and Vn96-peptide. Addition of the detergent NP40 to Vn96-peptide EV isolations reduced levels of background proteins and highly increased the levels of the EV-markers TSG101 and PDCD6IP, indicative of an increased EV yield. Thus, the Vn96-peptide-based EV isolation procedure is clinically feasibly and allows largescale protein profiling of urinary EV biomarkers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1313091
JournalJournal of Extracellular Vesicles
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Cite this

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title = "Feasibility of urinary extracellular vesicle proteome profiling using a robust and simple, clinically applicable isolation method",
abstract = "Extracellular vesicles (EVs) secreted by prostate cancer (PCa) cells contain specific biomarkers and can be isolated from urine. Collection of urine is not invasive, and therefore urinary EVs represent a liquid biopsy for diagnostic and prognostic testing for PCa. In this study, we optimised urinary EV isolation using a method based on heat shock proteins and compared it to gold-standard ultracentrifugation. The urinary EV isolation protocol using the Vn96-peptide is easier, time convenient (≈1.5 h) and no special equipment is needed, in contrast to ultracentrifugation protocol (>3.5 h), making this protocol clinically feasible. We compared the isolated vesicles of both ultracentrifugation and Vn96-peptide by proteome profiling using mass spectrometry-based proteomics (n = 4 per method). We reached a depth of >3000 proteins, with 2400 proteins that were commonly detected in urinary EVs from different donors. We show a large overlap (>85{\%}) between proteins identified in EVs isolated by ultracentrifugation and Vn96-peptide. Addition of the detergent NP40 to Vn96-peptide EV isolations reduced levels of background proteins and highly increased the levels of the EV-markers TSG101 and PDCD6IP, indicative of an increased EV yield. Thus, the Vn96-peptide-based EV isolation procedure is clinically feasibly and allows largescale protein profiling of urinary EV biomarkers.",
keywords = "Exosome isolation, Extracellular vesicles, ME™ kitp, Proteomics, Rostate cancer, Urinary EVs",
author = "Bijnsdorp, {Irene V.} and Olga Maxouri and Aarzo Kardar and Tim Schelfhorst and Piersma, {Sander R.} and Pham, {Thang V.} and Andre Vis and {Van Moorselaar}, {R. Jeroen} and Jimenez, {Connie R.}",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1080/20013078.2017.1313091",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
journal = "Journal of Extracellular Vesicles",
issn = "2001-3078",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "1",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Feasibility of urinary extracellular vesicle proteome profiling using a robust and simple, clinically applicable isolation method

AU - Bijnsdorp, Irene V.

AU - Maxouri, Olga

AU - Kardar, Aarzo

AU - Schelfhorst, Tim

AU - Piersma, Sander R.

AU - Pham, Thang V.

AU - Vis, Andre

AU - Van Moorselaar, R. Jeroen

AU - Jimenez, Connie R.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Extracellular vesicles (EVs) secreted by prostate cancer (PCa) cells contain specific biomarkers and can be isolated from urine. Collection of urine is not invasive, and therefore urinary EVs represent a liquid biopsy for diagnostic and prognostic testing for PCa. In this study, we optimised urinary EV isolation using a method based on heat shock proteins and compared it to gold-standard ultracentrifugation. The urinary EV isolation protocol using the Vn96-peptide is easier, time convenient (≈1.5 h) and no special equipment is needed, in contrast to ultracentrifugation protocol (>3.5 h), making this protocol clinically feasible. We compared the isolated vesicles of both ultracentrifugation and Vn96-peptide by proteome profiling using mass spectrometry-based proteomics (n = 4 per method). We reached a depth of >3000 proteins, with 2400 proteins that were commonly detected in urinary EVs from different donors. We show a large overlap (>85%) between proteins identified in EVs isolated by ultracentrifugation and Vn96-peptide. Addition of the detergent NP40 to Vn96-peptide EV isolations reduced levels of background proteins and highly increased the levels of the EV-markers TSG101 and PDCD6IP, indicative of an increased EV yield. Thus, the Vn96-peptide-based EV isolation procedure is clinically feasibly and allows largescale protein profiling of urinary EV biomarkers.

AB - Extracellular vesicles (EVs) secreted by prostate cancer (PCa) cells contain specific biomarkers and can be isolated from urine. Collection of urine is not invasive, and therefore urinary EVs represent a liquid biopsy for diagnostic and prognostic testing for PCa. In this study, we optimised urinary EV isolation using a method based on heat shock proteins and compared it to gold-standard ultracentrifugation. The urinary EV isolation protocol using the Vn96-peptide is easier, time convenient (≈1.5 h) and no special equipment is needed, in contrast to ultracentrifugation protocol (>3.5 h), making this protocol clinically feasible. We compared the isolated vesicles of both ultracentrifugation and Vn96-peptide by proteome profiling using mass spectrometry-based proteomics (n = 4 per method). We reached a depth of >3000 proteins, with 2400 proteins that were commonly detected in urinary EVs from different donors. We show a large overlap (>85%) between proteins identified in EVs isolated by ultracentrifugation and Vn96-peptide. Addition of the detergent NP40 to Vn96-peptide EV isolations reduced levels of background proteins and highly increased the levels of the EV-markers TSG101 and PDCD6IP, indicative of an increased EV yield. Thus, the Vn96-peptide-based EV isolation procedure is clinically feasibly and allows largescale protein profiling of urinary EV biomarkers.

KW - Exosome isolation

KW - Extracellular vesicles

KW - ME™ kitp

KW - Proteomics

KW - Rostate cancer

KW - Urinary EVs

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DO - 10.1080/20013078.2017.1313091

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